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bordo essay beauty (re)discovers the male body. excerpts from Susan Bordo, The Male Body. p. 168: men on display. Putting classical art to the side for the moment, the naked and the nearly naked female body became an object of mainstream consumption first in Playboy and its imitators, then in movies, and only then in fashion photographs. With the male body, the trajectory has been different. Fashion has taken the lead, the movies have followed. Hollywood may have been a chest-fest in the fifties, but it was male clothing designers who went south and violated the really powerful taboos --not just against the explicit depiction of penises and male bottoms but against travel the admission of research outline, all sorts of forbidden feminine qualities in to places mainstream conceptions of manliness. It was the spring of 1995, and research paper outline, I was sipping my first cup of morning coffee, not yet fully awake, flipping through The New York Times Magazine, when I had my first real taste of what it's like to inhabit this visual culture as a man. It was both thrilling and disconcerting. It was the first time in my experience that I had encountered a commercial representation of a male body that seemed to deliberately invited me to linger over it.
Let me make that stronger --that seemed to reach out to me, interrupting my mundane but peaceful Sunday morning, and provoke me into erotic consciousness, whether or not I wanted it. Women --both straight and gay-- have always gazed covertly, of course, squeezing out illicit little titillations out of representations designed for --or pretending to-- other purposes than to turn us on. Travel Essays. This /p. 169: ad made no such pretense. It caused me to knock over my coffee cup, ruining the concept response, more cerebral pleasures of the Book Review . Later, when I had regained by equilibrium, I made a screen-saver out of him, so I could gaze at my leisure. I'm sure that many gay men were as taken as I was, and essays, perhaps /p. 170 some gay women too. Some psychologists say that the circuit from eyes to brain to genitals is a quicker trip for men than for women. There's some strong evidence, popular science writer Deborah Blum reports, citing studies of men's responses to the banking of education response pictures of naked women, that testosterone is wired for travel visual response.
Maybe. But who is the electrician here? God? Mother Nature? Or Hugh Hefner? Practice makes perfect. And women have had little practice.
The Calvin Klein ad made me feel like an adolescent again, brought me back to nature essay emerson quotes that day when I saw Barry Resnick on the basketball court. I brought the ad to travel essays classes and ielts essays collection, lectures, asking women what they thought of him. Places Essays. Most began to sweat the moment I unfolded the picture /p. 171:, then got their bearings and tried to explore the bewitching stew of sexual elements the picture has to offer. The model --a young Jackson Browne look-alike-- stands there in 100 page essays, his form-fitting and ripspeckled Calvin Klein briefs, head lowered, dark hair loosely falling over his eyes. His body projects strength, solidity; he's no male waif.
But his finely muscled chest is not so overdeveloped as to suggest a sexuality immobilized by places to publish travel the thick matter of the collection, body. Gay theorist Ron Long, describing gay sexual aesthetics --lean, taut, sinuous muscles rather than Schwarzenegger bulk-- points to a dynamic tension that the incredible hulks lack. Stiff, engorged Schwarzenegger bodies, he says, seem to to publish travel essays be surrogate penises-- with nowhere to go and nothing to do but stand there looking massive --whereas muscles like this young man's seem designed for movement, for sex. 5 Paragraph Paper. His body isn't a stand-in phallus; rather he has a penis --the real thing, not a symbol, and a fairly breathtaking one, clearly outlined through the to publish, soft jersey fabric of the briefs. It seems slightly erect, or perhaps that's his non-erect size; either way, there's a substantial presence there that's palpable (it looks so touchable, you want to cup your hand over it) and very, very male. At the concept essay, same time, however, my gaze is invited by something feminized about the young man. Places To Publish Travel. His underwear may be ripped, but ever so slightly, subtly; unlike the original ripped-underwear poster boy Kowalski, he's hardly a thug. He doesn't stare at the viewer challenging, belligerently, as do so many models in other ads for male underwear, facing off like a street tough passing a member of the nature emerson quotes, rival gang on the street (Yeah, this is an underwear ad and I'm half naked. But I'm still the one in charge here. Who's gonna look away first?) No, this model's beautiful languid body posture, his averted look are classic signals, both in the natural and the cultural world, of willing subordination.
He offers himself nonagressively to the gaze of the another. Hip cocked in the snaky S-curve usually reserved for depictions of women's bodies, eyes downcast but not closed, he gives off a sultry, moody, subtle but undeniably seductive consciousness of places to publish, his erotic allure. Feast on me, I'm here to be looked at, my body is for your eyes. Oh my. Such an attitude of male sexual supplication, although it has (as we'll see) classical antecedents, is very new to contemporary mainstream representations. Homophobia is at work in this taboo, but so are attitudes about gender that cut across sexual orientation. For many /p. 172: men, both gay and straight, to be so passively dependent on the gaze of another person for collection one's sense of self-worth is incompatible with being a real man. As we'll see, such notions about manliness are embedded in Greek culture, in contemporary visual representation, and even (in disguised form) in existentialist philosophy.
For the woman, as philosopher Simone de Beauvoir writes, . the absence of her lover is places essays always torture; he is an eye, a judge. away from him, she is dispossessed, at once of herself and of the the banking response, world. For Beauvoir's sometime lover and travel, lifelong soul mate Jean-Paul Sartre, on the other hand, the ielts essays, gaze (or the Look, as he called it) of places to publish essays, another person --including the gaze of one's lover -- is the hell that other people represent. /p. 173: Women may dread being surveyed harshly --being seen as too old, too fat, too flat-chested-- but men are not supposed to enjoyed being surveyed period . It's feminine to be on display. Ielts Essays Collection. Men are thus taught --as my uncle Leon used to places to publish essays say-- to be a moving target. /p.174: Scientists and ordinary guys are totally in synch here, as is humorously illustrated in Peter Cattaneo's popular 1997 British film The Full Monty. In the cover letter, film, a group of unemployed metalworkers in Sheffield, England, watch a Chippendale's show and hatch the money-making scheme of presenting their own male strip show in which they will go right down to to publish travel the full Monty. Research Paper. At the start of the to publish travel, film, the heroes are hardly pillars of essays collection, successful manliness (Gaz, their leader, refers to them as scrap). Yet even they have been sheltered by they guyhood, as they learn while putting the travel, show together. One gets a penis pump. Another borrows his wife's face cream. They run, they wrap their bellies in plastic, they do jumping jacks, they get artificial tans.
The most overweight one among them (temporarily) pulls out of the show. Ielts Collection. Before, these guys hadn't lived their lives under physical scrutiny, but in essays, male action mode, in quotes, which men are judged by their accomplishments. Now, anticipating being on display to a roomful of spectators, they suddenly realize how it feels to be judged as women routinely are, sized up by to publish travel essays another pair of the banking response, eyes. I pray that they'll be a bit more understanding about us than they've been with women, David (the fat one) murmurs. They get past their discomfort, in the end, and their show is greeted with wild enthusiasm by travel the audience. The movie leaves us with this feel-good ending, not raising the question obvious to every woman watching the ielts essays, film: would a troupe of out-of-shape women be received as warmly, as affectionately. /p. 175: I had to laugh out loud at places to publish a 1997 New York Times Magazine Style column entitled Overexposure, which complained of the contagion of nudity spreading through celebrity culture. Stars no longer have private parts, the author observed, and ielts essays, fretted that civilians would soon also be measured by the beauty of their buns. I share the essays, author's concern about our body-obsessed culture. But, pardon me, he's just noticing this now. Actresses have been baring their breasts, their butts, even their bushes, for emerson quotes some time, and ordinary women have been tromping off to the gym in pursuit of comparably perfect bodies.
What's got the places to publish travel essays, author suddenly crying overkill, it turns out, is Sly Stallone's surreally fat-free appearance on 5 paragraph research paper the cover of Vanity Fair, and Rupert Everett's dimpled behind in places to publish travel, a Karl Lagerfeld fashion spread. Now that men are taking off their clothes, the culture is nature emerson quotes suddenly going too far. Could it be that the essays, author doesn't even read all those naked female bodies as overexposed? As for dimpled behinds, my second choice for outline male pinup of the decade is the places to publish travel, Gucci series of 5 paragraph research paper, two ads in which a beautiful young man, shot from the rear, puts on a pair of briefs. In the first ad, he's holding them in his hands, contemplating them. Is he checking out the correct washing-machine temp? It's odd, surely, to places travel stand there looking at best letter your underwear, but never mind. The point is: his underwear is in his hands, not on his butt.
It --his bottom, that is-- is places to publish travel gorgeously, completely naked --a motif so new to mainstream advertising (but since then catching on 5 paragraph research outline rapidly) that several of my friends, knowing I was writing /p. 177: about the places, male body, E-mailed me immediately when they saw the ad. In the second ad, he's put the underwear on, and concept response, is adjusting it to fit. Luckily for us, he hasn't succeeded yet, so his buns are peeking out the bottom of the underwear, looking biteable. For the Times writer, those buns may be an indecent exposure of parts that should be kept private for --and for places essays thousands of gay men across the terrorism in india, country-- this was a moment of political magnitude, and places, a delicious one. The body parts that we love to squeeze (those plastic breasts, they're the real yawn for me) had come out of the 5 paragraph research paper, closet and into mainstream culture, where we can enjoy them without a trip to a specialty shop. Despite their bisexual appeal, the cultural genealogy of the ads I've been discussing and others like them is to be traced largely through gay male aesthetics, rather than a sudden blossoming of places essays, appreciation for the fact that women might enjoy looking at sexy, well-hung young men who don't appear to be about to rape them. Feminists might like to 100 page essays imagine that Madison Avenue heard our pleas for essays sexual equality and finally gave us men as sex objects. But what's really happened is that women have been the research, beneficiaries of places to publish travel essays, what might be described as a triumph of pure consumerism-- and with it, a burgeoning male and fitness and beauty culture-- over homophobia and the taboos against male vanity, male femininity, and erotic display of the male body that have gone along with it. Throughout this century, gay photographers have created a rich, sensuous, and dramatic tradition which is unabashed in collection, eroticizing the male body, male sensuousness, and male potency, including penises. But until recently, such representations have been kept largely in the closet.
Mainstream responses to several important exhibits which opened in the seventies --featuring the groundbreaking early works of Wilhelm von Gloeden, George Dureau, and George Platt Lynes as well as then-contemporary artists such as Robert Mapplethorpe, Peter Hujar, and essays, Arthur Tress-- would today probably embarrass the critics who wrote about them when they opened. John Ashbery, in New York magazine, dismissed the entire genre of male nude photography with the same sexist tautology that covertly underlies that Times piece on cultural overexposure: Nude women seem to be in their natural state; men, for some reason, merely look undressed. When is a nude not a nude? When it is male. (Substitute blacks and 100 page essays, whites for women and to publish, men and essay emerson, you'll see how offensive the statement is.) For other reviewers, the naked male, far from seeming merely undressed, was unnervingly sexual. Places Essays. New York Times critic Gene Thompson wrote that there is something disconcerting about the sight of a man's naked body being presented as a sexual object; he went on to describe the world of homoerotic photography as one closed to essay in india most of us, fortunately.
Vicki Goldberg, writing for the Saturday Review , was more appreciative of the beauty and places to publish essays, dignity of the male nude body, but concluded that so long as its depiction was / p. 180: erotic in emphasis, it will remain half-private, slightly awkward, an art form cast from the banking concept response essay, its traditions and in places, search of some niche to call its home. Goldberg needed a course in 100 page essays, art history. It's true that in classical art, the naked human body was often presented as a messenger of to publish travel essays, spiritual themes, and received as such. But the male bodies sculpted by the Greeks and Michelangelo were not exactly nonerotic. It might be more accurate to 100 page essays say that in modernity, with the spiritual interpretation of the nude body no longer a convention, the contemporary homophobic psyche is essays not screened from the sexual charge of the nude male body. Goldberg was dead wrong about something else too.
Whatever its historical lineage, the frankly sexual representation of the 5 paragraph research paper, male body was to find, in essays, the next twenty years, a far from private niche to 5 paragraph call its home: consumer culture discovered its commercial potency. Calvin Klein had his epiphany, according to one biography, one night in 1974 in New York's gay Flamingo bar: Klein's genius was that of a cultural Geiger counter; his own bisexuality enabled him to see that the places to publish, phallic body, as much as any female figure, is an ielts essays enduring sex object within Western culture. In America in 1974, however, that ideal was still largely closeted. Places To Publish Travel Essays. Only gay culture unashamedly sexualized the lean, fit body that virtually everyone, gay and straight, now aspires to. Sex, as Calvin Klein knew, sells.
He also knew that gay sex wouldn't sell to on increasing in india straight men. Places Travel. But the cover, rock-hard, athletic gay male bodies that Klein admired at the Flamingo did not advertise their sexual preference through the feminine codes --limp wrists, raised pinkie finger, swishy walk-- which the straight world then identified with homosexuality. Rather, they embodies a highly /p. 181: masculine aesthetic that --although definitely exciting for gay men-- would scream heterosexual to (clueless) straights. To Publish Essays. Klein knew just the kind of clothing to show that body off in too. Klein transformed jeans from utilitarian garments to erotic second skins. Next, Klein went for underwear.
He wasn't the nature essay quotes, first, but he was the most daring. Places To Publish. In 1981, Jockey International had broken ground by photographing Baltimore Oriole pitcher Jim Palmer in a pair of briefs (airbrushed) in one of its ads --selling $100 million worth of underwear by year's end. Inspired by Jockey's success, in 1983 Calvin Klein put a forty-by-fifty foot Bruce Weber photograph of 5 paragraph research, Olympic pole vaulter Tom Hintinauss in Times Square., Hintinauss's large penis clearly discernible through his briefs. Places Essays. The Hintinauss ad, unlike the Palmer ad, did not employ any of the the banking, usual fictional rationales for a man's being in his underwear --for example, the pretense that the man is in places to publish, the process of getting dressed-- but blatantly put Hintinauss's body on display, sunbathing on a rooftop, his skin glistening. The line of shorts flew off the shelves at Bloomingdale's and when Klein papered bus shelters in Manhattan with poster versions of the essay terrorism, ad they were all stolen overnight. Places Travel Essays. Images of masculinity that will do double (or triple or quadruple) duty with a variety of consumers, straight and gay, male and female, are not difficult to create in a culture like ours, in which the muscular /p. 182:male body has a long and glorious aesthetic history. That's precisely what Calvin Klein was the first to recognize and exploit --the possibility and profitability of 100 page essays, what is known in the trade as a dual marketing approach. Since then, many advertisers have taken advantage of /p. 183: Klein's insight. It required a Calvin Klein to give the new vision cultural form.
But the fact is that if we've entered a brave, new world of male bodies it is largely because of a more material kind of epiphany --a dawning recognition among advertisers of the buying power of gay men. For a long time prejudice had triumphed voer the profit motive, blinding marketers to to publish essays just how sizable --and well-heeled-- a consumer group gay men represent. It took a survey conducted by The Advocate to jolt corporate America awake about gay consumers. The survey, done between 1977 and 1980, showed that 70% of concept response, its readers aged twenty to forty earned incomes well above the national median. Soon, articles were appearing on the business pages of newspapers, like one in 1982 in places travel, The New York Times Magazine , which described advertisers as newly interested in wooing. the white, single, well-educated, well-paid man who happens to be homosexual. Happens to be homosexual: the outline, phrasing --suggesting that sexual identity is peripheral, even accidental-- is places travel telling. Because of homophobia, dual marketing used to require a delicate balancing act, as advertisers tried to speakto gays in a way that the straight consumer will not notice. /p. Letter. 185: It used to places to publish travel be, if an ielts collection advertisement aimed at places essays straight men dared to show a man fussing over his looks with seemingly romantic plans in art director cover, mind, there had better be a woman in the picture, making it clear just whom the places to publish travel essays, boy was getting pretty for. To sell a muscle-building product to heterosexuals, of course, you had to link it to essays virility and the ability to attract women on the beach.
Today, muscles are openly sold for their looks; Chroma Lean nutritional supplement unabashedly compares the well-sculpted male body to a work of art (and a gay male icon, to boot) --Michelangelo's David. Places To Publish Travel Essays. Many ads display the naked male body without shame or plot excuse, and often exploit rather than resolve the sexual ambiguity that is generated. rocks and the banking concept of education response essay, leaners. How do male bodies in the ads speak to us nowadays? In a variety of ways. Sometimes the message is challenging, aggressive. To Publish Travel. Many models stare coldly at the viewer, defying the observer to view them in any way other than how they have chosen to concept of education response present themselves: as powerful, armored, emotionally impenetrable. I am a rock, their bodies (and sometimes their genitals) seem to proclaim. Often, as in the Jackson Browne look-alike ad, the penis is prominent, but unlike the penis in that ad, its presence is martial rather than sensual. Overall, these ads depict what I would describe as face-off masculinity, in which victory goes to the dominant contestant in a game of will against will. Who can stare the places essays, other man down? Who will avert his eyes first?
Whose gaze will be triumphant. p. 100 Page Essays. 188: Face-off ads, except for travel essays their innovations in the amount of skin exposed, are pretty traditional --one might even say primal -- in their conception of masculinity. Concept Response. Pollack's studies of places, boys suggest that a set of rules -- which he calls The Boy Code -- govern their behavior with each other. The first imperative of the code --Be a sturdy oak -- represents the best art director cover, emotional equivalent of face-off masculinity: Never reveal weakness. Pretend to be confident even though you may be scared. Act like a rock even when you feel shaky. Dare others to challenge your position. The face-off is not the only available posture for male bodies in ads today. Another possibility is what I call the lean --because these bodies are almost always reclining, leaning against, or propped up against something in the fashion typical of women's bodies.
James Dean was probably our first pop-culture leaner'; he made it stylish for places to publish teenagers to 100 page essays slouch. Places To Publish Travel Essays. Dean, however, never posed as languidly or as openly seductive as some of the high-fashion leaners are today. A recent Calvin Klein Escape ad depicts a young, sensuous-looking man leaning against a wall, arm raised, dark underarm hair exposed. His eyes seek out the imagined viewer, soberly but flirtatiously. Take me, the copy reads. Languid leaners have actually been around for a long time. Statues of sleeping fauns, their bodies draped langourously, exist in classical /p. 100 Page Essays. 190: art alongside more heroic models of male beauty. I find it interesting, though, that Klein has chosen Mr.
Take Me to places to publish essays advertise a perfume called Escape. Klein's Eternity ads usually depict happy, heterosexual couples, often with a child. Obsession has always been cutting-edge, sexually ambiguous erotica. This ad, featuring a man offering himself up seductively, invitingly to the observer, promises escape. From what?
To what? Men have complained, justly, about the burden of always having to be the 100 page essays, sexual initiator, the places to publish travel essays, pursuer, the one of whom sexual performance is expected. Perhaps the escape is from these burdens, and toward the 100 page essays, freedom to places to publish travel indulge in some of the essay terrorism, more receptive pleasures traditionally reserved for women. Some people describe these receptive pleasures as passive --which gives them a bad press with men, and is just plain inaccurate too. Passive hardly describes what's going on when one person offers himself or herself to another. Inviting, receiving, responding --these are active behaviors too, and rather thrilling ones. It's a macho bias to view the only real activity as that which takes, invades, aggresses. It's a bias, however, that's been with us for a long time, in both straight and travel essays, gay cultures.
In many Latin cultures, it's not a disgrace to sleep with other men, so long as one is activo (or machista ) -- the 5 paragraph research paper outline, penetrator rather than the penetratee. To be a pasivo , on the other hand, is to be socially stigmatized. It's that way in prison cultures too -- a good indication of the power hierarchies involved. These hierarchies date back to the ancient Greeks, who believed that passivity, receptivity, penetrability were marks of inferior feminine being. The qualities were inherent in women; it was our nature to be passively controlled by our sexual needs. (Unlike us, the places travel, Greeks viewed women --not men-- as the animalistic ones.) Real Men, who unlike women had the necessary rationality and will, were expected to be judicious in the exercise of their desires.
But being judicious and being active --deciding when to pursue, whom to paper outline pursue, making advances, pleading one's case-- went hand in hand. Allowing oneself to be pursued, flirting, accepting the advance of places to publish essays, /p. 191: another, offering one's body -- these behaviors were permitted also (but only on a temporary basis) to still-developing, younger men. These young men --not little boys, as is sometimes incorrectly believed-- were the true sex-objects of elite Greek culture. Ielts Collection. Full-fledged male citizens, on the other hand, were expected to be active, initiators, the penatrators and not the penetratees, masters of places travel essays, their own desires rather than the objects of another's.
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Syracuse University Selects New Chancellor. © AP Photo/Heather Ainsworth. By Andrew Pogar SYRACUSE (NCC News) – Kent D. Syverud has been selected as the places to publish travel 12th Chancellor and President of Syracuse University. Syverud has served as dean of the banking of education response essay Washington University School of places to publish essays Law since 2006. On Thursday, Syverud — a Georgetown alum — was introduced to university administration, faculty, alumni, and students at Hendricks Chapel on the SU campus.
Syverud has roots in 5 paragraph paper, Upstate New York. He is a native of Irondequoit, a suburb of Rochester. “This feels like home to places to publish essays me,” Syverud said. “That means I grew up getting my groceries from Wegmans, my clothes from Sibly’s, and essays my hamburgers from Carrol’s.” After his playful remarks, Syverud said he is ready to to publish essays put forth the full effort into the institution. “Like you, I’m committing everything I am — and everything I have — to this place, to our team, to achieve greatness here through patience and hardwork and loyalty, and a cheerful can-do attitude,” he said. Syverud will succeed current Chancellor Nancy Cantor, who will hold the 100 page essays same position at Rutgers University’s Newark, N.J., campus. He will officially start as chancellor on places travel, January 14, 2014.
© AP Images/Heather Ainsworth. The SU community is essays collection, excited for a new chapter to begin in the school’s 143-year history. Assistant Dean Mary Lerner, of the College of Arts and Humanities, feels Syverud is the places travel essays right person for the job. “I think his background and education and leadership experience really prepare him well for a wide university such as Syracuse,” she said. “We’re very optimistic.” To view the story, click here: Lawsuit sent back to U.S.
Appeals Court. Cantor and Contreras Support Affirmative Action. By Ashley Iaconetti SYRACUSE (NCC NEWS) – Syracuse University chancellor Nancy Cantor and Syracuse City School superintendent Sharon Contreras are in the banking of education essay, support affirmative action. The two have filed a legal document in to publish travel essays, support of the University of Texas in a lawsuit. A student took the Univeristy of Texas to the U.S. Supreme Court arguing that she was denied admission to the university because of affirmative action. Essay On Increasing! The case was sent back to a lower court. Justice Anthony Kennedy said that the places to publish travel essays appeals court needs to best cover letter subject the to publish travel University of Texas to the highest level of judicial scrunity.
A 2003 Court case upheld affirmative action in higher education. NCC reporter Kat Sudue will have more on 100 page essays, this case later on places to publish travel essays, NCC News Online. SU Chancellor Nancy Cantor Heading to Rutgers University-Newark. Cantor leaves behind a legacy of community outreach, SU Public Affairs VP says. By Tom Magnarelli SYRACUSE (NCC News) – Rutgers University announced today Nancy Cantor will become the chancellor of the Rutgers-Newark campus. Cantor was the first female chancellor and president in Syracuse University’s history. She started in 2004 and her tenure has seen its fair share of of education essay ups and to publish travel downs. Cantor fired Bernie Fine after molestation accusations in 2011, a move she told The Star-Ledger in New Jersey she regrets not doing sooner. She also leaves Syracuse University with $397 million in debt.
Vice President of Public Affairs at SU, Peter Englot, 49, said that is not as bad as it may seem. “Syracuse University’s debt is judged by outside experts such as Moody’s to best cover be perfectly manageable,” Englot said. “We have a large number of well-practiced and places to publish essays highly professional money managers who keep a close eye on how we manage our debt.” Englot said he believes Cantor should be remembered for the many projects she helped develop in community outreach such as the Near-Westside Initiative, the Southside Initiative, the essay on increasing terrorism in india Syracuse Center of Excellence and places to publish travel the Connective Corridor. “Nancy was determined to engage in genuine partnerships with community members,” Englot said. “Instead of 100 page essays having an elite committee of places to publish travel people decide what’s going to happen there’s been something like a non-profit setup on the Near Westside and something similar to the Southside.” Cantor will stay at SU for the fall and begin at Rutgers-Newark University on Jan 1, 2014 according to the Syracuse University press release. SU Administration Stands by Cancellation. ©2012 Eric Duick.
By Eric Duick SYRACUSE (NCC NEWS) – Syracuse University officials on Wednesday defended their decision to cancel classes prior to Superstorm Sandy. Kevin Quinn, senior vice president of public affairs, said senior staff opted for best, early notice so that students and faculty were not caught off guard. “I think we wanted to give people predictability in terms of knowing if Syracuse and to publish Central New York got a severe impact, people knew that they wouldn’t have to be here on Tuesday,” Quinn said. “We made a decision and honestly we’re always going to err on essay on increasing in india, the side of caution.” Chancellor Nancy Cantor met with her senior staff at 8:30 a.m. on Monday, at which point tracking maps showed the heart of the storm headed straight through Central New York. But to the surprise of the administration, the places storm barely hit Syracuse. Still, the university contends it does not regret its first cancellation since March 7, 2011. “Obviously we’re very pleased that campus and most of Central New York missed any severe impact. We think that’s great news,” Quinn said. “At the 100 page essays end of the day though, we think we made the right decision. We did that with student, faculty and places to publish staff safety in mind.” The staff’s primary concern was the possible 60 mph winds, which Quinn said would have added danger because of essay on increasing terrorism in india SU’s location on top of a hill.
Not only was there minimal damage on the campus, but the administration has only been informed of one student whose family home was severely impacted when the places to publish roof caved in. Quinn didn’t indicate any likely change in essays collection, approach for the future, partly because universities and high schools must be viewed differently when it comes to closing school. “When you think about high school, they’re outside in the morning likely waiting for the bus and then everyone’s inside most of the places to publish travel day and then they’re back on a bus and home,” he said. “We have a different situation with students here; walking around is a huge part of their day.” Syracuse University’s Department of Public Safety was also on the Emergency Preparedness Committee and was strategically positioned in case disaster struck. Sergeant Charles Fassinger said more officers were on duty and all other officers were on standby. DPS placed officers at checkpoints where power loss was most likely. Patrol feared that no street lights would put stranded students in harm’s way, not only in terms of protecting themselves from high winds, but also as possible victims of crime.
Fassinger fully supported the school’s decision to shut down. “Safety and security is number one,” he said. Collection! “You don’t always know how the weather is gonna play out. There’s a lot of guessing, so to make the decisions that were made was in the best interests of the students.” With only light wind and rain, the students had fun once they knew their families were safe. “I definitely had time to catch up on all my work,” sophomore Josh Lunder said. “It was like an extra Saturday and Sunday for places travel, me and I really appreciate the university (canceling class).” Even the Syracuse football team benefited. Not only did the players have more time to focus on the banking response, Saturday’s game against Cincinnati, but junior linebacker Marquis Spruill said the places travel essays off days gave him a taste of NFL life. “Yeah, it’s great not having to 5 paragraph outline worry about class,” Spruill chuckled. “You just wake up, eat, lift, watch film, practice, go home and take a nap.” But now, it’s back to work for all at SU. Syracuse University Stands by to publish essays, its Decision to Cancel Classes.
Student Association president defends the administration’s choice. By Alexandra Bauman SYRACUSE (NCC News) Syracuse University prides itself on having classes in the worst of Central New York storms. But its reputation was jeopardized when the school canceled Monday afternoon and Tuesday classes for Hurricane Sandy. Quotes! Even though Sandy bypassed Syracuse, the school does not regret its decision, according to Dylan Lustig, Student Association president. SA president Dylan Lustig, courtesy Twitter. “I think that having classes while this devastation was happening to places to publish essays students’ families all over 100 page essays, the Northeast would have been worse.” Lustig said. Parents showed relief with the cancellation online. Many SU parents also stand by the school’s choice. They thanked the administration on the Syracuse University Facebook page. “My daughter attends SU and places to publish travel I am grateful for the university looking out for best cover letter, their students and staff!!” Michelle Kearns wrote Monday, an hour after the announcement. The school has not had to essays deal with many parents complaining about the wasted days, according to 100 page essays Lustig.
The SA president said he thinks the administration would make the same decision all over again. “They’re pretty satisfied with their decision,” Lustig said. “And I really do think they made a wise decision.” Canceled classes allowed students to cope with devastation. Syracuse chose to places to publish essays cancel classes out of consideration for students whose families were affected by Sandy, according to Lustig. Essay On Increasing! The SA president said he’s included in that group. “I personally do have family that was affected in Pennsylvania,” Lustig said. “I know if I was in class worrying about them it would have been a nightmare.” SU is places to publish travel essays, still trying to emerson quotes help student victims. Nancy Cantor, SU Chancellor, sent an email to students Tuesday with resources for students coping with devastation at places essays, home. SU Chancellor Nancy Cantor © syr.edu.
SA will hold a meeting Sunday to discuss dealing with the 100 page essays students whose families have been affected, according to Lustig. They plan to collect donations and name SA as one of the resources for support. Listen to to publish travel essays the story here: 11_1 Sandy Cancel Wrap. Syracuse University Chancellor to Step Down. A legacy of connecting city and school. By Thomas Eck SYRACUSE (NCC NEWS) – In an email to the student body last Friday, Syracuse University Chancellor Nancy Cantor announced she will step down after her contract expires in 2014. Hired in 2004, one of research paper outline Cantor’s main focuses was to to publish travel essays bring the University closer with the concept essay city of places to publish travel essays Syracuse. Cantor’s work with establishing the Connective Corridor helped to bring the 5 paragraph campus and downtown together. “What she brought to the relationship between the University and the community is truly remarkable,” said Lance Denno, Majority Leader of the Syracuse Common Council.
Cantor also worked together with the Syracuse City School District to to publish essays form a branch of the Say Yes to Education program in the city. “Without Chancellor Cantor, Syracuse would never have had the benefit to the Say Yes to Education program for our city schools. It is my expectation as well as profound hope that that will be her most lasting legacy,” said Denno. The Chancellor was also involved with the Campaign for essay quotes, Syracuse University, a fundraising effort for the school. The Campaign reached it’s goal of one billion dollars in September, three months ahead of schedule.
“I think she certainly does a lot for the school. Places To Publish Travel! The fundraising is one thing. A lot of people chalk it up to PR but there is some real numbers behind that. The fact that she got a billion dollars worth of fundraising for a private institution here. Nature Essay Quotes! I think that Speaks a lot for her tenure,” said John Tummino, a sophomore at SU. While Cantor is praised for her job of bringing the city and school closer, there are some who think she could have done better in regards to places University matters. Some faculty members think that the new Chancellor who takes over in 2014 should work more on matters pertaining to SU. “I would like to see a chancellor come in who will focus relentlessly on improving the overall academic quality of Syracuse and research paper the selectivity of places to publish travel it’s admission process,” said David Rubin, professor at the University’s Newhouse School of Public Communications. Nancy Cantor will not renew her contract. © 2012 Associated Press photo by 100 page essays, Kevin Rivoli. By Valeria Aponte SYRACUSE (NCC NEWS) – After serving as chancellor of Syracuse University for eight and a half years, Nancy Cantor will be stepping down.
Cantor will be leaving her position in June 2014 when her second contract as chancellor expires. She informed the Syracuse community on Friday, October 12 through a lengthy email. Before sending the email, Cantor had a conference call on Friday morning with the Board of Trustees regarding her decision. Afterwards, the email was sent and places to publish travel essays the Syracuse community was learning that Cantor’s reign will end in her tenth year as chancellor. Since the announcement, members of the board have made it clear that the essay terrorism search for a new chancellor has not begun and to publish travel essays that right now they are focused on developing initiatives that Cantor has been working on.
However, it is being said that the search committee will start discussing who would succeed Cantor next month. This decision comes towards the best art director letter end of a campaign that has made Cantor an even more popular lady nation wide. Cantor was part of the fundraiser Campaign for Syracuse University that raised over $1 billion. This money will go towards new buildings, scholarships and faculty positions. When asked about places travel essays reasons for leaving, Cantor has kept mum about specific details. 5 Paragraph! In the email she did not mention her future plans after she is no longer chancellor. For the last eight and a half years, Syracuse University has gone through a lot of transformations. This includes the to publish essays construction on essay emerson quotes, campus of the Life Sciences building, Ernie Davis Hall and the green bike path on places to publish, University Avenue. During those years, enrollment has grown 9%, having over essay emerson, 20,000 students. The number of international students has greatly increased.
Throughout her years in Syracuse University Cantor, has worked on to publish, developing numerous projects. The majority involved uniting Syracuse University with the entire community; this means Syracuse city and Onondaga county. The project she is most known for is Scholarship in Action. This program emphasized the universities involvement with the community. This promoted that both students and professors get out of campus so they could explore and help out the 100 page essays city of Syracuse. Another of Cantor’s most recognized initiatives is the Near Westside Project. These projects improved the city and travel specifically made the downtown area into essay on increasing a more cultural and innovative center. Under this project the Connective Corridor was created as well as the travel South Side Innovation Center, the Warehouse in Armory Square, the Center of Excellence amongst other. This project connected the university even more by offering the students ways and places to interact with the community of Syracuse. “There has been as much or more building activity in both on campus and 5 paragraph outline off under Nancy than in a long time,” David Rubin says, former dean of S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications.
Cantor indeed did a lot for the Syracuse community as well as sponsor the university and all of its projects throughout the nation and around the to publish travel essays world. Best Art Director Cover Letter! However, this has also brought many negative criticism from people inside the university. Some students felt she was more involved in traveling around the world promoting her initiatives and fixing the city of Syracuse rather than close to campus life. Luisa Ardila, a senior Broadcast Digital Journalism student feels indifferent towards her departure. She has never met the chancellor and has only seen her in big events like the recent One World Concert. “I feel like she is really distant,” Ardila says, “I have never felt like she is travel, there for me specifically.” Rubin, a current professor at Newhouse, says that she was an “outside” chancellor completely different from the banking concept of education, him while he was dean of Newhouse, and her predecessor Kenneth “Buzz” Shaw, who was more internal focusing on the campus activities and improving the university. Places Travel Essays! For example, doing more fundraisers for 100 page essays, the university and improving the curriculum. “I tend to believe that these things go in cycles; that is, Buzz for thirteen years was focused internally, and Nancy for travel, eight to the banking of education essay ten years focused externally,” Rubin says. Rubin says he wouldn’t be surprised that the places travel Board of Trustees will most likely be focused on essay, finding a chancellor whose plans are primarily focused on the university.
Boeheim Apology Falls Short For Some. Critics Claim Coach “Re-Traumatized” Accusers. AJ Manderichio (SYRACUSE) – Former Syracuse associate head coach Bernie Fine isn’t the travel only Orange basketball coach under a microscope. Men’s head basketball coach Jim Boeheim has come under fire for his comments throughout the scandal. He said accuser Bobby Davis was telling “a bunch of thousand lies” and used ESPN “to get money.” He also questioned the legitimacy of the second accuser, Mike Lang, who is ielts essays, a relative of Davis and the second accuser. As more news came to light, Boeheim’s tone changed.
After Syracuse University chancellor Nancy Canter fired Fine Sunday, Boeheim released a statement, apologizing to the accusers. “I deeply regret any statements I made that might have inhibited that from occurring or been insensitive to victims of abuse,” the to publish travel coach said. That, however, didn’t shut down the 100 page essays scores of critics looking for Boeheim to places face discipline for his earlier comments. Robert Hoatson, the co-founder of Road to 100 page essays Recovery, was surprised by the coach’s aggressive response. “For him to come forth and travel essays so dramatically condemn these men and the banking concept response essay call their stories ‘a bunch of thousand lies’ is unconscionable,” he said. Boeheim’s initial negative comments not only tried to dent the credibility of Davis and Lang. His comments had the possibility of “re-traumatizing” the victims. Melinda Hathaway, a local licensed clinical social worker, said this can happen to a person already dealing with shame and places to publish travel guilt.
“The person oftentimes feels a lot of cover shame and places to publish guilt already,” she said. “For somebody of authority to make such negative comments regarding their victimization, it can lead for cover, them to places travel feel the shame and guilt all over again.” When an important community figure like Boeheim dismisses these claims, it can stop them from attempting to admit the abuse. “It really shuts down the victims,” Hathaway said. “It takes a lot of guts to come out and to make these allegations to begin with. I think it would really surpress other victims from coming out as well.” Hoatson believes that’s exactly what Boeheim did.
Road to Recovery works with victims of sexual abuse, and he’s had firsthand experience of it’s effects. He said merely releasing a statement couldn’t overcome the severity of his criticism. “Jim Boeheim needed to the banking concept of education response essay go before the same cameras where he lambasted these men and say to them, ‘Gentleman, I am sincerely sorry for re-abusing you, for travel essays, re-traumatizing you, for in india, re-victimizing you,” Hoatson said. Boeheim knows there are several people calling for places to publish travel essays, him to be suspended or lose his job. He said during his postgame press conference Tuesday that he’s not concerned with his job status. “Can I tell you something?” he said. “I’ve never worried about my job status once in 36 years. “I have zero say in who’s hired, fired, assigned, whatever you want to ielts essays say. Period.” There’s no indication that the University plans to discipline Boeheim. Cantor released a statement Tuesday supporting the coach.
If Hoatson had his way, he’d like to to publish travel essays see Boeheim removed from his position. “It’s Jim Boeheim’s responsibility that these kids were abused” Hoatson said. “Oh yes, Bernie Fine may have done it. But there were people who looked the other way.”
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essay araby Sample Essays Analyzing James Joyce's Short Story Araby The content consists of brief but condensations of the action of the story. The content tells your reader what happens. Remember that you cannot relate all the action. Your outline willhelp you select only those points necessary to your reader's understanding of your interpretation of the work. Study the summary essay below to discover its organization. Note the to publish travel essays, proportion given in each paragraph to ielts collection summary and to interpretation. Theintroduction identifies the places to publish travel, work and the author. Best Art Director Cover Letter! Then, following back-ground information about the story, the places travel essays, writer states his thesis. In the bodyof the essays collection, essay, each topic sentence points to a specific block of action or adevelopment in essays, the story.
The content of each paragraph is devoted to asummary of the banking response essay a selected block of action, and the last sentence of each para-graph evaluates and interprets the action described. This process-summary followed by interpretation-continues through each paragraph tothe conclusion of the essay. It is the interpretation that gives meaning andsignificance both to the story and to the essay. In the places to publish travel, essay that follows, note the use of quotations and how each aids understanding and collection, imparts asense of the style and manner of the work. James Joyce's Araby: Summary of an Epiphany. Each of the fifteen stories in James Joyce's Dubliners presents aflat, rather spatial portrait. The visual and symbolic details embeddedin each story, however, are highly concentrated, and each story culmi-nates in places travel essays, an epiphany. In Joycean terms, an epiphany is a momentwhen the essence of a character is revealed , when all the forces thatbear on emerson quotes, his life converge, and we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in the collection is centered in an epiphany, and travel essays, eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and disillusionment. Araby follows this pattern. Themeaning is revealed in a young boy's psychic journey from first love to paper despair and disappointment, and the theme is found in the boy'sdiscovery of the discrepancy between the real and the ideal in life.
The story opens with a description of North Richmond Street, ablind, cold . .. silent street where the houses gazed at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. It is a street of fixed, decaying conformity and false piety. Travel Essays! The boy's house contains the samesense of a dead present and a lost past. The former tenant, a priest,died in art director cover letter, the back room of the house, and his legacy-several old yel-lowed books, which the boy enjoys leafing through because they areold, and a bicycle pump rusting in the back yard-become symbolsof the intellectual and religious vitality of the past. The boy, in themidst of such decay and spiritual paralysis, experiences the confusedidealism and places travel essays, dreams of first love and his awakening becomes incom-patible with and in ironic contrast to the staid world about him. Every morning before school the boy lies on the floor in thefront parlor peeking out through a crack in the blind of the door,watching and ielts essays collection, waiting for places the girl next door to emerge from her houseand walk to school. He is shy and still boyish.
He follows her, walkssilently past, not daring to speak, overcome with a confused sense ofsensual desire and religious adoration. In his mind she is both a saintto be worshipped and a woman to be desired. The Banking Concept Essay! His eyes are often fullof tears, and one evening he goes to the back room where the priesthad died. Places To Publish Essays! Clasping the 100 page essays, palms of his hands together, he murmurs, 0love! 0 love! in a prayer not to God, but to the concept of love andperhaps even to the girl, his love. Walking with his aunt to shop onSaturday evenings he imagines that the girl's image accompanies him,and that he protects her in places essays, places the most hostile to romance. Inthe mixed symbolism of the Christian and emerson quotes, the Romantic or Orientalmyths Joyce reveals the epiphany in the story: These noises con-verged in places to publish, a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore mychalice safely through a throng of foes. He is unable to talk to thegirl. Drifting away from his schoolmates' boyish games, the boy hasfantasies in his isolation, in the ecstasy and ielts essays collection, pain of travel essays first love. Finally the ielts essays collection, girl speaks to the boy.
She asks him if he is going toAraby. He replies that if he does he will bring her a gift, and fromthat moment, his thoughts upon the mixed imagery of the essays, saintly lightupon her hair and the potential sensuality of the white border of the banking concept response essay apetticoat, the boy cannot sleep or study. To Publish Essays! The word Araby cast anEastern enchantment over him, and then on the night he is to go tothe bazaar his uncle neglects to nature quotes return home. Neither the aunt noruncle understands the boy's need and anguish, and thus his isolationis deepened. We begin to see that the essays, story is not so much a story oflove as it is a rendition of the world in which the boy lives. The second part of the quotes, story depicts the places to publish essays, boy's inevitable disap-pointment and realization.
In such an atmosphere of blindness-the aunt and uncle unaware of the boy's anguish, the girl not con-scious of the boy's love, and nature essay emerson, the boy himself blind to the true natureof his love-the words hostile to romance take on ironic overtones.These overtones deepen when the boy arrives too late at the bazaar.It is closing and the hall is in darkness. He recognizes a silencelike that which prevades a church after a service but the bazaar isdirty and disappointing. Two men are counting money on a salverand he listens to the fall of the coins. Places Essays! A young lady, bored withhim and interested in two men who are flirting with her, cheapensand destroys the boy's sense of an essays Eastern enchantment. His love,like his quest for a gift to places draw the girl to him in an unfriendly world,ends with his realizing that his love existed only in his mind. Thus.
the theme of the story-the discrepancy between the real and theideal-is made final in ielts essays collection, the bazaar, a place of tawdry make-believe.The epiphany in which the to publish travel, boy lives a dream in spite of the ugly andthe worldly is brought to its inevitable conclusion: the single sensa-tion of life disintegrates. The boy senses the falsity of his dreams andhis eyes burn with anguish and anger. Essay #2 Using Setting and Atmosphere. Remember that setting is usually a part of atmosphere and that atmo-sphere consists of the prevailing tone of the work and its resultant meaningor effect. Some works will not warrant an essay devoted to setting and at-mosphere; others, like Joyce's Araby, will be so profoundly dependentupon a particular setting that to ignore its importance will be to 5 paragraph research outline miss muchof the meaning of the work.
Dream Versus Reality: Setting and Atmosphere in James Joyce's Araby Convinced that the Dublin of the 1900's was a center of to publish travel essays spiri-tual paralysis, James Joyce loosely but thematically tied together hisstories in Dubliners by means of their common setting. Each of thestories consists of essay terrorism in india a portrait in which Dublin contributes in places to publish, some wayto the dehumanizing experience of modem life. The boy in the storyAraby is intensely subject to the city's dark, hopeless conformity,and his tragic yearning toward the exotic in the face of drab, uglyreality forms the 100 page essays, center of the story. On its simplest level, Araby is a story about a boy's first love.On a deeper level, however, it is a story about the world in places travel, which helives-a world inimical to ideals and dreams. This deeper level is in-troduced and developed in several scenes: the opening description ofthe boy's street, his house, his relationship to his aunt and 5 paragraph outline, uncle, theinformation about the priest and his belongings, the boy's two trips-his walks through Dublin shopping and his subsequent ride toAraby. North Richmond Street is described metaphorically and presentsthe reader with his first view of the boy's world. The street is blind; it is a dead end, yet its inhabitants are smugly complacent; the travel, housesreflect the attitudes of their inhabitants. The houses are imperturba-ble in the quiet, the cold, the dark muddy lanes and darkdripping gardens. The first use of situational irony is introducedhere, because anyone who is on increasing in india, aware, who is not spiritually blinded orasleep, would feel oppressed and endangered by North RichmondStreet. The people who live there (represented by the boy's aunt anduncle) are not threatened, however, but are falsely pious and dis-creetly but deeply self-satisfied.
Their prejudice is dramatized by theaunt's hopes that Araby, the bazaar the boy wants to visit, is not14some Freemason affair, and by old Mrs. Mercer's gossiping overtea while collecting stamps for some pious purpose. The background or world of blindness extends from a generalview of the places travel essays, street and its inhabitants to the boy's personal relation-ships. It is not a generation gap but a'gap in the spirit, in empathy and conscious caring, that results in the uncle's failure to arrive homein time for the boy to go to the bazaar while it is still open. Theuncle has no doubt been to the local pub, negligent and indifferent tothe boy's anguish and impatience. The boy waits well into best letter the eveningin the imperturbable house with its musty smell and to publish essays, old, uselessobjects that fill the rooms.
The house, like the aunt and uncle, andlike the entire neighborhood, reflects people who are well-intentionedbut narrow in their views and research paper outline, blind to higher values (even the street lamps lift a feeble light to the sky). The total effect of such settingis an atmosphere permeated with stagnation and isolation. The second use of symbolic description-that of the essays, dead priest and his belongings-suggests remnants of a more vital past. The bi-cycle pump rusting in the rain in the back yard and the old yellowedbooks in the back room indicate that the 100 page essays, priest once actively engaged in to publish, real service to God and man, and further, from the titles of thebooks, that he was a person given to both piety and the banking essay, flights of imagi-nation. But the priest is dead; his pump rusts; his books yellow. Places! The effect is to deepen, through a sense of a dead past, the spiritual and intellectual stagnation of the essay emerson quotes, present.Into this atmosphere of spiritual paralysis the boy bears, withblind hopes and romantic dreams, his encounter with first love. In theface of ugly, drab reality-amid the curses of laborers, jostled bydrunken men and bargaining women-he carries his aunt's parcelsas she shops in the market place, imagining that he bears, not parcels,but a chalice through a throng of foes.
The noises converged in to publish, asingle sensation of concept of education response life and in to publish travel essays, a blending of Romantic and Christiansymbols he transforms in his mind a perfectly ordinary girl into 100 page essays anenchanted princess: untouchable, promising, saintly. Setting in thisscene depicts the harsh, dirty reality of to publish travel life which the boy blindly ig-nores. The contrast between the real and the boy's dreams is ironi-cally drawn and clearly foreshadows the boy's inability to essay keep thedream, to remain blind. The boy's final disappointment occurs as a result of to publish his awaken-ing to the world around him. The tawdry superficiality of the bazaar,which in his mind had been an Oriental enchantment, strips awayhis blindness and leaves him alone with the realization that life andlove differ from the dream. Araby, the symbolic temple of love, isprofane. The bazaar is dark and empty; it thrives on the same profitmotive as the paper, market place (two men were counting money on asalver); love is represented as an empty, passing flirtation. Araby is a story of first love; even more, it is a portrait of aworld that defies the ideal and the dream. Thus setting in this storybecomes the true subject, embodying an atmosphere of spiritual pa-ralysis against which a young boy's idealistic dreams are no match.Realizing this, the boy takes his first step into adulthood. INSTRUCTIONS.
It is possible in an essay to write about an isolated symbol-onewhich seems unusual, or appealing, or particularly apt. More often,though, you will deal with a central or recurrent symbol (like water inThe Great Good Place). If you write about an isolated symbol, your thesis should be a strong statement of the existence of the symbol in the work,and, the body of your essay should be composed of statements that actuallyconstitute evidence of the existence of the symbol. As you develop paragraphs in the body of the essay, make clear your reasons for places ascribing the symbolic significance you do, show the function of the symbol in nature quotes, the work, and places essays, above all, prove that awareness of the symbol enriches understanding or appreciation of the work. The Central Symbol of the Church in Joyce's Araby Joyce's short story Araby is nature essay emerson, filled with symbolic images of a church.
It opens and closes with strong symbols, and in the body ofthe story, the images are shaped by the young), Irish narrator's impres-sions of the effect the Church of Ireland has upon the people of Ire-land. The boy is fiercely determined to places to publish travel invest in someone within thisChurch the holiness he feels should be the natural state of all withinit, but a succession of nature quotes experiences forces him to see that his determi-nation is in vain. At the climax of the story, when he realizes that hisdreams of holiness and love are inconsistent with the places travel essays, actual world,his anger and the banking response essay, anguish are directed, not toward the Church, but to-ward himself as a creature driven by vanity. In addition to to publish travel essays the im-ages in the story that are symbolic of the Church and its effect uponthe people who belong to it, there are descriptive words and phrasesthat add to this representational meaning. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighborhoodwhere the boy lives. Strikingly suggestive of a church, the image shows the ineffectuality of the Church as a vital force in the lives ofthe inhabitants of the neighborhood-the faithful within the Church.North Richmond Street is essay on increasing terrorism in india, composed of two rows of houses withbrown imperturbable faces (the pews) leading down to the tall un-inhabited house (the empty altar). The boy's own home is places, set in agarden the natural state of which would be like Paradise, since it contains a central apple tree; however, those who should have caredfor it have allowed it to become desolate, and the central tree stands alone amid a few straggling bushes. At dusk when the boy and hiscompanions play in the street the lamps of the street lift their feeblelanterns to the banking concept of education response essay the sky of places to publish travel essays ever-changing violet (timid suppliants to thefar-away heavens). Since the boy is the narrator, the inclusion ofthese symbolic images in the description of the setting shows that theboy is sensitive to the lack of spiritual beauty in his surroundings.Outside the main setting are images symbolic of those who donot belong to the Church. The boy and the banking concept essay, his companions go there attimes, behind their houses, along the dark muddy lanes, to where the rough tribes (the infidel) dwell. Here odors arise from the essays, ash pits--those images symbolic to James Joyce of the moral decay of his nation.
Even the house in which the youthful main character lives addsto the sense of moral decay. The former tenant, a priest (now dead),is shown to have been insensitive to the spiritual needs of best his people.His legacy was a collection of books that showed his confusion of thesacred with the secular-and there is evidence that he devoted hislife to gathering money and furniture. He left behind no evidenceof a life of spiritual influence. Despite these discouraging surroundings, the boy is determined to places travel find some evidence of the loveliness his idealistic dreams tell himshould exist within the Church. His first love becomes the focal pointof this determination. In the person of Mangan's sister, obviouslysomewhat older than the boy and his companions, his longings find anobject of worship. The boy's feelings for the girl are a confused mix-ture of sexual desire and of sacred adoration, as examination of cover letter theimages of her reveals.
He is obsessed at one and the same time withwatching her physical attractions (her white neck, her soft hair, themovement of the brown-clad figure) and with seeing her always sur-rounded by light, as if by a halo. He imagines that he can carry herimage as a chalice through a throng of travel essays foes-the cursing,brawling infidels at the market to which he goes with his aunt. Allother sensations of life fade from his consciousness and he is awareonly of his adoration of the blessed image. He spends his days feel-ing her summons to his foolish blood, a summons that is both astrong physical attraction and a strong pull to the holiness missing inhis life and in the lives of the people he knows. In all his watching ofher he is thankful that he can see so little, as men of his Churchhave ever been filled with holy dread to look upon the Virgin. When the girl finally speaks to him, her words are of ordinary concerns: she asks if he is 100 page essays, going to Araby, a bazaar in another part ofthe city. Places To Publish Essays! But the boy's imagination seizes upon the name Araby andinvests its syllables with an Eastern enchantment in which his soulluxuriates. Araby becomes a place where his soul can find the mysti-cal beauty lacking in his own mundane Church. The girl cannot at-tend the bazaar because of a retreat her convent is having that week.As a consequence the the banking concept, boy feels a summons that has symbolic over-tones of a holy crusade: he is determined to go forth to the en-chanted place and bring back a gift worthy to lay at the feet of his adored one.
The aunt and uncle with whom he lives are insensitive to hisburning need to fulfill his crusade. They are presented as persons living decently within the confines of their Church rules, but lacking avision of concerns higher and holier than mechanical conformity torules. To Publish Travel! They do, finally, though, provide the florin to ielts essays collection allow him to go to Araby. Alone, he makes his way to the place of Eastern enchantment.When he arrives, he is travel, struck by a silence like that of a church.This is followed by another image that calls up the image at the be-ginning of the story, that of the aisle leading to an altar. Ielts Essays! In this case,it is travel essays, a hall leading to essay emerson quotes the booth displaying porcelain vases (chalicesfor the Eucharist), and flowered tea sets (the flowers on the altar).The great jars guarding the places essays, stall can be interpreted as symbols of themysticism standing guard over 100 page essays, the Church. For the places, boy, the girl attending the stall, like Mangan's sister, be-comes an object of faith. But when she speaks-again like Mangan'ssister-her words are trivial and worldly. Best Art Director Cover! In a sudden flash of insightthe boy sees that his faith and places essays, his passion have been blind. He sees inthe two men counting money on a salver a symbol of the moneylen-ders in the temple.
He allows the pennies to fall in his pocket. Thelights in the hall go out; his church is in darkness. Tears fill hiseyes as he sees himself a creature driven and nature emerson quotes, derided by travel essays vanity,whose foolish blood made him see secular desires as symbols oftrue faith. In this moment of 100 page essays disillusionment he feels that he himselfis at fault for being so bemused by to publish his ideals that he failed completelyto see the world as it is. He has discovered in his Church and in love(both traditional symbols of ineffably sacred loveliness) only a shoddyimitation of 5 paragraph outline true beauty. Understandably his disillusionment causes him anguish and anger. Using Myth and Archetype.
The heart of myth is rooted in religion, in attempts to explain creation, thesoul, and man's place in places, the world. On Increasing! A discussion of myth, therefore, mustbe preceded by your discovery of its presence in a work; and for places to publish your dis-cussion to be meaningful, you must understand the origin or source of essays collection theideas you decide to to publish travel essays ascribe to myth. (In Araby, we perceive the clearpresence of a reference to Christianity.) Remember that archetype can be generously applied to a num-ber of man's values, dreams, and beliefs, but that myth comprises only apart of archetype. Archetype is a much larger term, and if you perceivesome universal experience in a literary work, it can quite logically form apart of best art director cover our racial past. Family, marriage, war, peace, the need to be lovedand to places travel live forever: these are patterns, emotions, and drives we share withour ancestors. They change little with time, and each generation respondsto them with deep emotions. The presence of archetype in a work givesthat work added importance and an essay defining the archetype, its effectand resultant added meaning will be of value to readers who may have re-sponded but have not discerned why. To write an essay using myth and best cover, archetype, determine how theirpresence influences and reveals the travel, meaning of the work. Cover Letter! If myth or arche-type becomes the basis of travel essays a work (as they do in Araby), an essay point-ing out their meaning will provide you with a ready-made thesis. Orderingthe development of your essay will become relatively simple, for of education response essay the stagesof the reenactment of the archetypal pattern will direct your presentation.If, on travel essays, the other hand, the use of myth does not form the basis of the 5 paragraph research paper outline, entirework, but is only an enrichment of another pattern, your order of develop-ment will be somewhat more complex. In this case you will need to deter-mine the precise function the single use of the places to publish travel, mythic element serves andthen center your thesis on this function.
The Lonely Quest of 5 paragraph research James Joyce's Araby Probably no other twentieth century short story has called forthmore attention than Joyce's Araby. Some universality of experiencemakes the story interesting to readers of to publish essays all ages, for they respond in-stinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is apart of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is thelost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it ispossible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, willreturn this lost spirituality. The development of theme in Araby re-sembles the archetypal myth of the quest for a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from essay on increasing terrorism, a visionary mode of artisticcreation-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to describe the,'visionary kind of literary creation that derives its material fromthe hinterland of man's mind-that suggests the abyss of time sepa-rating us from prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of con-trasting light and darkness.
It is a primordial experience, which sur-passes man's understanding and to which he is essays, therefore in danger ofsuccumbing. 1 Assuredly this describes Joyce's handling of the mate-rial of art director letter Araby. The quest itself and its consequences surpass the un-derstanding of the young protagonist of the story. He can only to publish travel feelthat he undergoes the experience of the quest and naturally is con-fused, and at the story's conclusion, when he fails, he is anguishedand angered. His contrasting world of light and darkness containsboth the lost spirituality and the dream of restoring it. Because ourown worlds contain these contrasts we also feel, even though theprimordial experience surpasses our understanding, too. It is true, as a writer reminds us, that no matter the work,Joyce always views the order and disorder of the world in terms ofthe Catholic faith in which he was reared. 2 In Araby, however,there is, in research outline, addition, an overlay of places travel Eastern mysticism. This diversity of background materials intensifies the universality of the experience.We can turn to the language and the images of the story to see howthe boy's world is shown in terms of these diverse backgounds. There is little that is light in the comer of Dublin that formsthe world of the story, little that retains its capability to 5 paragraph research paper outline evoke spiri-tuality.
North Richmond Street is blind; the houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with itsshort days and its early dusk. Places Travel Essays! Only the boy and his laughing, shoutingcompanions glow; they are still too young to have succumbed tothe spiritual decay of the adult inhabitants of Dublin. But the boysmust play in dark muddy lanes, in dark dripping gardens, neardark odorous stables and ashpits. Joyce had said of Dubliners,the collection of stories from which Araby comes, that he intendedto write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I choseDublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the centre ofparalysis. 3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual envi-ronment of the boy is paralyzed; it is musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religiousenlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home. The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by 100 page essays the desolationof the garden, and thus has become the tree of places to publish travel spiritual death. Helooks for light in the room of his home where the 100 page essays, former tenant, apriest, had died, but the only objects left by places travel the priest were books,yellowed and damp. Here, too, the outline, quest has failed.
No evidence ofspiritual life remains. To Publish Travel Essays! Decay and rust have taken over all the treasures the priest had laid up on earth for himself. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan's sister. Essay! Be-cause of her the boy feels a surge of travel essays hope that now in her love he willfind light. Even though he has never spoken to her, except for a fewcasual words, her name is like a summons to all his foolish blood.His youthful imagination sees her always surrounded with light; sheis the contrast to his dark world. Essay On Increasing Terrorism! She becomes an travel essays image to him of terrorism in india allthat he seeks. That image accompanies him even in places the mosthostile to romance: the market and the streets, among the drunkenmen and bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the shrilllitanies of shop-boys. In this unlikely place occurs what Joyce calls an epiphany, which to him means a sudden spiritual manifesta-tion, when objects or moments of inconsequential vulgarity can betransfigured to to publish travel essays something spiritual.4 The boys says, I imagined that Ibore my chalice safely through a throng of foes.
Plainly he has feltthe summons to cherish the holy, the terrorism, light, in this dark world ofthose who are hostile to the sacred. However, what he feels is beyond his understanding. His lovefor the girl is part sexual desire, part sacred adoration. He is, he says,confused. He loses interest in his school and in everything about him; hethinks of nothing but the girl. Travel Essays! He can see her dark house, herbrown-clad figure touched by the banking concept of education response essay lamp-light. He feels that he has foundone image of holiness in his world of lost spirituality. If he can gainthe girl, he feels, the light will be restored to his dark existence. In his one conversation with her she reveals that she cannot goto Araby, a bazaar she would like to attend. She suggests that itwould be well for him to go.
He speaks impulsively: If I go I willbring you something. His opportunity has come. He can go toAraby-his soul luxuriates in the very syllables of the mysticallymagic name-and he can bring back a talisman to secure his favorwith her. The lost light of his world will be restored. Undoubtedly, as a writer suggests, Araby is Arabia, which is associated with thePhoenix, symbol of the renewal of life. 5. Over half the story is concerned with the delays and travel, frustrationsin his plans for his quest, and with his final journey to the en-chanted place, where the ielts, talisman will be procured. Significantly, he must go to essays Araby alone.
The train is deserted; when throngs of buy-ers try to press their way onto the train the porters move them back,saying this is a special train for the bazaar. All who go on a questfor the art director cover, high and the holy must go alone. Arriving, he finds the places to publish essays, bazaar nearly empty. He recognizes a si-lence like that which pervades a church after a service. The churchis empty; it is not attended by the faithful. Two men count money ona silver salver. The young lady who should attend him ignores himto exchange inane vulgarities with two young gentlemen. Suddenly from the trivialities here the boy experiences anotherepiphany, a sudden showing forth in which his mind is floodedwith light, with truth. He can see the parallel that exists between thegirl here and his girl; he can see his feeling for her for what it is-physical attraction.
Her brown-clad figure is one with the drabworld of North Richmond Street. Here, instead of Eastern enchant-ment, are flimsy stalls for 100 page essays buying and selling flimsy wares. His grailhas turned out to be only flimsy tea sets covered with artificial flow-ers. As the upper hall becomes completely dark, the boy realizes thathis quest has ended. Gazing upward, he sees the vanity of imagininghe can carry a chalice through a dark throng of foes. 1 Carl G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soid. trans. W. S. Dell and CaryF. Baynes (New York, 1933), pp. 156-157. 2 William Bysshe Stein, Joyce's 'Araby': Paradise Lost, Perspective, X11,No.
4 (Spring 1962), 215. 3 From Letters of James Joyce, Vol. II, ed. Richard Ellmarm (New York,1966), p. 134. 4 James Joyce, Stephen Hero (New York, 1944), pp. 210-211. 5 Marvin Magalaner, Time of Apprenticeship: The Fiction of Young JamesJoyce (London, 1959), p. 87.
USING POINT OF VIEW. If we draw an analogy of a multistoried house withwindows on all sides, we can understand that a person's view of the worldcan vary greatly, depending on which window he views it from; whether heis outside looking in; or whether, distantly, he looks at places to publish travel essays the house and the surrounding countryside simultaneously. Certainly our view of a characterwill depend upon our position in relation to the scene, just as his view islimited by the author. Henry James considered the positioning of concept of education both characters and narrator crucial to fiction, and in recent years (in fact since his detailed studiesof point of to publish essays view) critics have considered the artist's use of terrorism in india point of view the central focus for interpretation. Look at the questions point of view provokes. Does the places, viewpoint allow for irony? Does it limit sympathy or does it evoke greater sympathy? Does it causeattitudes to be formed?
What are they? Does choice of this particular nar-rator or persona influence the reader's view of the situation? How? Does itcontrol imagery and symbolism? In your conclusion, reaffirm your thesis by showing the overall effec-tiveness of the point of view on the work. Did the nature essay, work gain much or littlefrom its use? Study the essays, following essay to better understand how point ofview in Araby frees language, achieves psychic distance, and intensifiesthe experience portrayed. THE IRONIC NARRATOR OF JAMES JOYCE'S ARABY
Although James Joyce's story Araby is told from the essay emerson quotes, first per-son viewpoint of its young protagonist, we do not receive the impres-sion that a boy tells the story. Instead, the narrator seems to places to publish be a manmatured well beyond the experience of the emerson, story. The mature man re-minisces about his youthful hopes, desires, and frustrations. Morethan if a boy's mind had reconstructed the to publish travel essays, events of the story for essay terrorism us,this particular way of telling the story enables us to perceive clearlythe torment youth experiences when ideals, concerning both sacredand earthly love, are destroyed by a suddenly unclouded view of theactual world. Because the man, rather than the places essays, boy, recounts the research, experi-ence, an ironic view can be presented of the institutions and personssurrounding the boy. This ironic view would be impossible for theimmature, emotionally involved mind of the places travel, boy himself. Only an adult looking back at the high hopes of foolish blood and its resul-tant destruction could account for the ironic viewpoint. Throughoutthe story, however, the narrator consistently maintains a full sensitiv-ity to his youthful anguish.
From first to last we sense the reality tohim of his earlier idealistic dream of beauty. The opening paragraph, setting the scene, prepares us for theview we receive of the conflict between the loveliness of the ideal andthe drabness of the the banking concept response essay, actual. Descriptive words show the narrator's con-sciousness of the boy's response to beauty and the response of theneighborhood people, who are blind to beauty: North RichmondStreet is blind; its houses, inhabited by decent people, stare un-seeingly at one another-and all this is under a sky of ever-changingviolet, in a setting of to publish travel gardens marred by the odours of ash-pitsand dark odorous stables. The boy's own house, which had form-erly been inhabited by a priest, is placed in the banking of education response, a garden like that ofEden. It is a place of potential holiness, shown to us in the irony ofthe garden's barrenness and the priest's worldliness: the to publish essays, garden hasnow only a central apple tree and a few straggling bushes; thepriest had died and left behind him evidence of his preoccupationwith secular literature and with collecting money and furniture. Into this setting appears a figure representative of all that isideal, the on increasing in india, girl.
The narrator shows us in a subtly ironic manner thatin his youthful adoration of Mangan's sister she is, confusedly, theembodiment of all his boyish dreams of the places to publish essays, beauty of ielts essays collection physical desireand, at the same time, the embodiment of his adoration of all that isholy. In his dark environment Mangan's sister stands out, a figure al-ways shown outlined by light, with the power to places set aflame in him azeal to conquer the uncaring and the unholy. Her image, constantlywith him, makes him feel as though he bears a holy chalice througha throng of foes-the Saturday evening throng of drunken men,bargaining women, cursing laborers, and all the concept of education essay, others who have noconception of the mystical beauty his young mind has created in thisworld of material ugliness. He is alone as a boy, the man narrator shows us, with his viewof the possible loveliness of the world. Even the aunt and uncle withwhom he lives are callous to his burning need to go to the bazaar,which looms in his imagination as a place of mystical Eastern en-chantment, to to publish travel purchase a gift worthy of his loved one. Looking back,the narrator can see that his uncle had been concerned with his daily,worldly tasks, his aunt with maintaining a decent observance ofthis day of the banking response our Lord, although she does not want him to be disap-pointed in his wish to go to the bazaar. From the vantage point ofmaturity the narrator can realize that the aunt and the uncle perhaps once possessed an awareness of the essays, romantic, an the banking concept response essay awareness that hassince been clouded by the drabness of North Richmond Street. Like Stephen Dedalus of Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as aYoung Man, the boy, then, must seek for the high, the inviolate, byhimself. And, also like Stephen, he finds instead the world. When heenters Araby the boy sees its resemblance to an emptied church, andthat is the irony so far as maturity can view it: Araby is not a holyplace because it is not attended by the faithful. He has come alone on a deserted train; the bazaar, full of spu-rious wares, is tended by uncaring people who leave him even morealone than he had been before; the young lady who should havewaited on places travel essays, him ignores him to joke with two young men.
The younglady's inane remarks to nature quotes the young men have a ring in the memory ofthe mature narrator reminiscent of his adored one's remarks. Both areconcerned with the material, the crass. The narrator can, with his backward look, supply us with twoapprehensions: one, the fully remembered, and thus fully felt, anguishof a too sudden realization of the disparity between a youthful dreamof the mystic beauty of the world and his actual world; and two, theirony implicit in a view that can see the dream itself as a vanity. In his brief but complex story, Araby, James Joyce concen-trates on places travel essays, character rather than on plot to reveal the ironies inherentin self-deception. On one level Araby is research paper, a story of initiation, of to publish travel essays aboy's quest for best art director cover the ideal. The quest ends in failure but results in aninner awareness and places, a first step into manhood. On another level thestory consists of the banking response essay a grown man's remembered experience, for the storyis told in retrospect by a man who looks back to to publish travel essays a particular momentof intense meaning and insight. As such, the boy's experience is notrestricted to research paper outline youth's encounter with first love. Rather, it is a portrayalof a continuing problem all through life: the incompatibility of theideal, of the essays, dream as one wishes it to be, with the bleakness of real-ity. This double focus-the boy who first experiences, and ielts essays, the manwho has not forgotten-provides for places to publish essays the dramatic rendering of astory of first love told by a narrator who, with his wider, adult vision,can employ the sophisticated use of irony and symbolic imagery nec-essary to reveal the story's meaning. The boy's character is indirectly suggested in the opening scenesof the story.
He has grown up in the backwash of a dying city. Sym-bolic images show him to be an individual who is sensitive to the factthat his city's vitality has ebbed and left a residue of empty piety, thefaintest echoes of romance, and only symbolic memories of an activeconcern for God and fellow men. Although the the banking of education essay, young boy cannot ap-prehend it intellectually, he feels that the street, the town, and Irelanditself have become ingrown, self-satisfied, and unimaginative. It is a. world of spiritual stagnation, and as a result, the boy's outlook is se-verely limited. He is ignorant and to publish travel essays, therefore innocent. Lonely, imagin-ative, and terrorism, isolated, he lacks the understanding necessary for travel evalua-tion and perspective. He is at ielts collection first as blind as his world, but Joyceprepares us for his eventual perceptive awakening by tempering hisblindness with an unconscious rejection of the spiritual stagnation ofhis world. The boy's manner of places to publish essays thought is also made clear in 100 page essays, the openingscenes. Religion controls the lives of the inhabitants of North Richmond Street, but it is to publish travel, a dying religion and essay on increasing in india, receives only lip service.The boy, however, entering the new experience of first love, finds hisvocabulary within the experiences of his religious training and the ro-mantic novels he has read. The result is an idealistic and places to publish travel essays, confused in-terpretation of love based on quasireligious terms and the imagery ofromance. This convergence of two great myths, the Christian with itssymbols of hope and sacrifice and the Oriental or romantic with itsfragile symbols of heroism and escape, merge to ielts essays collection form in his mind anillusory world of to publish travel essays mystical and ideal beauty.
This convergence, whichcreates an epiphany for art director letter the boy as he accompanies his aunt throughthe market place, lets us experience with sudden illumination the tex-ture and content of his mind. We see the travel essays, futility and stubbornness ofhis quest. Ielts Essays Collection! But despite all the evidence of the dead house on a deadstreet in a dying city the boy determines to bear his chalice safelythrough a throng of foes. Places Travel! He is blindly interpreting the world in theimages of his dreams: shop boys selling pigs' cheeks cry out in shrilllitanies; Mangan's sister is saintly; her name evokes in him strangeprayers and praises. The boy is extraordinarily lovesick, and fromhis innocent idealism and stubbornness, we realized that he cannotkeep the dream. He must wake to the demands of the world aroundhim and react. 100 Page Essays! Thus the first half of the story foreshadows (as the manlater realizes) the boy's awakening and places travel, disillusionment. The account of the in india, boy's futile quest emphasizes both his lonelyidealism and his ability to achieve the places to publish essays, perspectives he now has.
Thequest ends when he arrives at the bazaar and realizes with slow, tor-tured clarity that Araby is not at all what he imagined. It is tawdryand dark and thrives on the profit motive and the eternal lure itsname evokes in men. The boy realizes that he has placed all his loveand hope in a world that does not exist except in his imagination. Hefeels angry and betrayed and realizes his self-deception. He feels he isa creature driven and derided by vanity and the vanity is his own. The man, remembering this startling experience from his boy-hood, recalls the moment he realized that living the dream was lost asa possibility. That sense of loss is intensified, for collection its dimension growsas we realize that the desire to, live the dream will continue throughadulthood. At no other point in the story is characterization as brilliant asat the end. Joyce draws his protagonist with strokes designed to places let usrecognize in on increasing, the creature driven and derided by vanity both a boywho is places to publish, initiated into knowledge through a loss of innocence and aman who fully realizes the incompatibility between the beautiful andinnocent world of the imagination and the very real world of fact.
InAraby, Joyce uses character to embody the theme of his story.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. The PEST analysis is places to publish travel essays, a useful tool for understanding market growth or decline, and research paper outline as such the position, potential and direction for a business. Table of to publish travel, contents. PEST analysis method and examples, with free PEST template. The PEST analysis is a useful tool for nature emerson understanding market growth or decline, and as such the position, potential and direction for travel a business. Nature Emerson? A PEST analysis is a business measurement tool.
PEST is an acronym for Political, Economic, Social and Technological factors, which are used to assess the market for a business or organizational unit. Places Travel Essays? The PEST analysis headings are a framework for concept response reviewing a situation, and can also, like SWOT analysis, and travel essays Porter's Five Forces model, be used to review a strategy or position, direction of a company, a marketing proposition, or idea. Completing a PEST analysis is very simple, and is a good subject for workshop sessions. PEST analysis also works well in brainstorming meetingshttps://www.businessballs.com/problem-solving-and-decision-making/brainstorming-for-team-building-and-problem-solving-how-to-109/brainstorming meetings. Use PEST analysis for business and strategic planning, marketing planning, business and product development and research reports. Best? You can also use PEST analysis exercises for team building games. PEST analysis is similar to SWOT analysis - it's simple, quick, and places uses four key perspectives. As PEST factors are essentially external, completing a PEST analysis is cover, helpful prior to completing a SWOT analysis (a SWOT analysis - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats - is based broadly on travel essays half internal and half external factors). The PEST model, like most very good simple concepts, has prompted several variations on the theme. For example, the PEST acronym is sometimes shown as STEP, which obviously represents the same factors.
Stick with PEST - nearly everyone else does. More confusingly (and some would say unnecessarily) PEST is also extended to essay emerson seven or even more factors, by adding Ecological (or Environmental), Legislative (or Legal), and Industry Analysis, which produces the places travel essays PESTELI model. Other variations on collection the theme include STEEP and PESTLE, which allow for a dedicated Ethical section. STEEPLED is another interpretation which includes pretty well everything except the kitchen sink: Political, Economic, Social and Technological - plus Ecological or Environmental, Ethical, Demographic and Legal. It's a matter of personal choice, but for most situations the original PEST analysis model arguably covers all of the 'additional' factors within the places original four main sections. 100 Page Essays? For example Ecological or Environmental factors can be positioned under any or all of the four main PEST headings, depending on their effect. Legislative factors would normally be covered under the Political heading since they will generally be politically motivated.
Demographics usually are an aspect of the places travel essays larger Social issue. Industry Analysis is effectively covered under the Economic heading. Ethical considerations would typically be included in the Social and/or Political areas, depending on the perspective and collection the effect. Thus we can often see these 'additional' factors as 'sub-items' or perspectives within the places to publish four main sections. Keeping to four fundamental perspectives also imposes a discipline of considering strategic context and effect. Many potential 'additional' factors (ethical, legislative, environmental for example) will commonly be contributory causes which act on one or some of the main four headings, rather than be big strategic factors in on increasing terrorism in india their own right. The shape and to publish essays simplicity of best art director, a four-part model is also somehow more strategically appealing and easier to places travel essays manipulate and 100 page essays convey. Ultimately you must use what version works best for you, and importantly for others who need to to publish understand you, which is ielts essays, another good reason perhaps for sticking with PEST, because everyone knows it, and you'll not need to spend half the presentation explaining the places to publish travel essays meaning of STEEPLED or some other quirky interpretation.
If you have come across any other weird and wonderful extended interpretations of 5 paragraph research paper outline, PEST I'd love to places travel essays see them. On which point (thanks D Taylor) I am informed of one such variation, which featured in emerson quotes some 2010 coursework: PEST LIED. The PEST element represents the usual factors - Political, Economic, Social and places to publish Technological. The LIED add-on stands for Legal, International, Environment and Demography. Suggestions of 5 paragraph research outline, origin gratefully received, and any other variations of the PEST model. A PEST analysis most commonly measures a market ; a SWOT analysis measures a business unit, a proposition or idea . Generally speaking a SWOT analysis measures a business unit or proposition, whereas a PEST analysis measures the market potential and to publish travel situation, particularly indicating growth or decline, and thereby market attractiveness, business potential, and suitability of access - market potential and 'fit' in other words. PEST analysis uses four perspectives, which give a logical structure, in this case organized by the PEST format, that helps understanding, presentation, discussion and decision-making. The Banking Concept Essay? The four dimensions are an places to publish travel, extension of a basic two heading list of pro's and essay on increasing con's (free pro's and places essays con's template here).
PEST analysis can be used for marketing and business development assessment and concept of education essay decision-making, and the PEST template encourages proactive thinking, rather than relying on habitual or instinctive reactions. Here the to publish essays PEST analysis template is presented as a grid, comprising four sections, one for 100 page essays each of the PEST headings: Political, Economic, Social and Technological. As previously explained, extended variations of places to publish, PEST (eg., PESTELI and STEEP, etc) include other factors, such as Environmental, Ethical, Legal or Legislative, etc., however in most situations you will find that these 'additional' factors are actually contributory causes or detailed perspectives which then manifest or take effect in best cover the form or one or several of the original four main PEST factors. For example, Ethical and places travel essays Environmental factors will always tend to produce an effect in at least one of the main four headings (Political, Economic, Social, Technological), but it will tend not to work the other way. 100 Page Essays? Hence why the basic PEST model is often the most powerful - it puts more pressure on strategic appreciation and analysis than a longer list of headings.
When you next see a PESTELI or a STEEPLED analysis ask yourself (or the author): Okay, I understand that customers tend to be more ethically minded now, but what does that mean in terms of the basic four PEST factors - what's the effect going to be. or: Okay we know that carbon emissions is an issue, but tell me where in the main four PEST factors will it impact. You will gather I am not a fan nor a particular advocate of extending the PEST model. Essays? It works great as it is - why make it more complicated and less specific? If you are worried about missing or forgetting a crucial point of essay on increasing, ethics or legislation (or anything else) keep a reference list of these headings, and travel essays only build them into 100 page essays, the model if you are sure that doing so will make it work better as a strategic tool. The free PEST template below includes sample questions or prompts, whose answers are can be inserted into places travel essays, the relevant section of the PEST grid. The questions are examples of discussion points, and obviously can be altered depending on the subject of the PEST analysis, and how you want to use it. Make up your own PEST questions and prompts to suit the issue being analysed and the situation (ie., the people doing the work and the expectations of them). Like SWOT analysis, it is important to clearly identify the 100 page essays subject of places to publish travel essays, a PEST analysis, because a PEST analysis is four-way perspective in relation to the banking of education response a particular business unit or proposition - if you blur the travel essays focus you will produce a blurred picture - so be clear about the market that you use PEST to essays analyse. A market is defined by what is addressing it, be it a product, company, brand, business unit, proposition, idea, etc, so be clear about to publish travel essays, how you define the market being analysed, particularly if you use PEST analysis in workshops, team exercises or as a delegated task. The PEST subject should be a clear definition of the market being addressed, which might be from any of the following standpoints: a company looking at 5 paragraph research outline, its market a product looking at its market a brand in relation to its market a local business unit a strategic option, such as entering a new market or launching a new product a potential acquisition a potential partnership an investment opportunity.
Be sure to describe the subject for the PEST analysis clearly so that people contributing to the analysis, and those seeing the places to publish finished PEST analysis, properly understand the purpose of the PEST assessment and implications. Other than the four main headings, the questions and issues in the template below are examples and not exhaustive - add your own and amend these prompts to suit your situation, the experience and research outline skill level of whoever is completing the analysis, and places what you aim to produce from the essay on increasing terrorism analysis. Ensure you consider the additional PESTELI/STEEPLED headings, and any others you feel are relevant, but avoid building these into the final analysis model unless you gain some strategic planning or presentation benefit from doing so. If helpful refer to a list of these other 'headings', for essays example: Ecological/ Environmental, Legislative/or Legal, Demographic, Ethical, Industry Analysis. Apply some strategic consideration and pressure to the points you list under these 'additional' headings. Ask yourself what the effects of essay, each will be on the 'big four' (Political, Economic, Social, Technological). Often your answers will persuade you that the original four-part PEST model is best and that using a more complex series of headings makes it more difficult to complete the analysis fully and strategically. The analysis can be converted into a more scientific measurement by scoring the items in each of the sections.
There is are established good or bad reference points - these are for places to publish travel you to decide. Scoring is particularly beneficial if more than one market is the banking response essay, being analysed, for the purpose of comparing which market or opportunity holds most potential and/or obstacles. This is useful when considering business development and investment options, ie, whether to develop market A or B; whether to to publish essays concentrate on local distribution or export; whether to acquire company X or company Y, etc. If helpful when comparing more than one different market analysis, scoring can also be weighted according to the more or less significant factors. (insert subject for essay terrorism in india PEST analysis - market, business, proposition, etc.) ecological/environmental issues current legislation home market future legislation international legislation regulatory bodies and processes government policies government term and change trading policies funding, grants and initiatives home market lobbying/pressure groups international pressure groups wars and conflicts. home economy situation home economy trends overseas economies and places travel trends general taxation issues taxation specific to product/services seasonality/weather issues market and trade cycles specific industry factors market routes and distribution trends customer/end-user drivers interest and exchange rates international trade/monetary issues. lifestyle trends demographics consumer attitudes and opinions media views law changes affecting social factors brand, company, technology image consumer buying patterns fashion and role models major events and influences buying access and trends ethnic/religious factors advertising and publicity ethical issues. competing technology development research funding associated/dependent technologies replacement technology/solutions maturity of technology manufacturing maturity and ielts collection capacity information and communications consumer buying mechanisms/technology technology legislation innovation potential technology access, licencing, patents intellectual property issues global communications.
more on the difference and relationship between PEST and SWOT. PEST is useful before SWOT - not generally vice-versa - PEST definitely helps to identify SWOT factors. To Publish Travel? There is overlap between PEST and SWOT, in 100 page essays that similar factors would appear in each. That said, PEST and SWOT are certainly two different perspectives: PEST assesses a market, including competitors, from the standpoint of a particular proposition or a business. SWOT is an assessment of a business or a proposition, whether your own or a competitor's. Strategic planning is not a precise science - no tool is places, mandatory - it's a matter of 100 page essays, pragmatic choice as to what helps best to identify and essays explain the issues. PEST becomes more useful and 5 paragraph research paper relevant the places to publish essays larger and more complex the best art director business or proposition, but even for places to publish travel essays a very small local businesses a PEST analysis can still throw up one or two very significant issues that might otherwise be missed.
The four quadrants in PEST vary in significance depending on the type of business, eg., social factors are more obviously relevant to consumer businesses or a B2B business close to essay on increasing the consumer-end of the to publish essays supply chain, whereas political factors are more obviously relevant to a global munitions supplier or aerosol propellant manufacturer. All businesses benefit from a SWOT analysis, and all businesses benefit from completing a SWOT analysis of their main competitors, which interestingly can then provide some feed back into the economic aspects of the PEST analysis.