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Theses and Dissertations (Unisa Library) - Unisa Institutional Repository

Unisa electronic dissertations

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Freiwillige Feuerwehr Gnthersleben Ľ Unisa theses and dissertations

Brick Mason Job Description Example, Duties, and Responsibilities. Brick masons need to electronic know how to read and interpret construction plans and blueprints to be able to deliver excellent work. On Steve Style? Brick Mason Job Description Example, Duties, and Responsibilities. Unisa Electronic Dissertations? What Does a Brick Mason Job Description Do? Brick masons are masonry workers who use prefabricated building materials such as concrete blocks, terracotta blocks, and structural tiles in building or repairing walls, buildings, walkways, and other structural surfaces made out of bricks. Their job description entails laying and essay help binding bricks to construct or repair building structures. In performing their duties, brick masons read and interpret construction plans and blueprint to determine the specifications for a building project. They lay out a structure by marking out and measuring distances with the aid of stakes, rules, levels, and other measuring tools. They also break or cut bricks to desired sizes using hammer or powersaw.

Masons mix specific proportions of sand, cement, and water to form mortar or materials respectively used in fusing blocks and erecting structures. They use trowels in scooping and spreading mortar on brick, tile or block surfaces. Their role also involves laying and aligning bricks on mortar bed according to set building plans. Usually, brick masons clean and polish block surface using broom or wire brush to remove foreign matter such as dust and electronic scale. They inspect brickwork to as performance studies coursework identify and fix faults in construction and also apply refractory substances on finished brick structures to protect against heat degradation. In fulfilling their work description, brick masons build corners with the aid of corner poles or corner pyramid. They use caulking materials to correct expanding or contracting mortar joints. They may also install high-heat materials such as refractory tiles and unisa electronic dissertations fire bricks in furnaces, boilers, cupolas and ladles. As part of their responsibilities, masons use sledgehammer or crowbar to remove damaged or burnt bricks.

They replace defective bricks and coursework conduct repairs to refurbish walls, chimneys, floors or walkways. They also abide by unisa dissertations set health and safety regulations to ensure a risk-free work condition. Setting up scaffolding or other platform used in examples climbing tall structures for masonry operations is also part of brick mason description. To work in this career requires having several years of electronic dissertations, training as a brick mason apprentice, and the qualities you will need for success on as performance studies, the job include physical strength, math skill, and physical dexterity. Brick Mason Job Description Example/Template. The work of a brick mason involves various functions that make them indispensable in the construction industry. Unisa Electronic? Given below is an example of the typical brick mason job description, consisting of the major tasks, duties, and responsibilities that usually make up their work activities: Lay out foundations and patterns using measuring tools such as straightedges and rules Verify the vertical and horizontal elevation of a structure using levels and coursework plumb bob Mix specific amount of sand, cement, lime, and water to form mortar or refractory mixture Spread mortar on slabs and surfaces to fuse bricks, tiles or blocks together Use hammer, powersaw or edge of trowels to break or cut blocks to desired sizes Conduct repairs on walls, partitions, and fireplaces to remove defective blocks and replace with solid ones Use trowels and other hand tools to unisa electronic remove or apply mortar over work surface Carry out as performance coursework estimates to determine the electronic, cost and quantity of materials required for a masonry project Utilize jointing tools in sealing mortar joints to patent assignments achieve an even surface Use scrapers, wire brushes or broom to clean and polish the surface of finished brickwork Install high-temperature tiles in boilers, cupolas, and unisa electronic dissertations furnaces Seal expanding or contracting joints with caulking materials Remove damaged bricks with the aid of examples, chipping gun, sledgehammer, or crowbar Build corner pyramids or fasten corner poles in plumb position to construct corners Spray refractory material on finished brick structures to protect against heat degradation Conduct inspection of brick structures to determine the need for repair. Requirements Skills, Abilities, and Knowledge for Brick Mason Job. Electronic? If you are seeking the job of a brick mason, here are major requirements you may be asked to fulfill by most employers to be considered for the role: Education and Training: To become a brick mason, you require minimum of essay help, a high school diploma and about 3-4 years of apprenticeship in masonry. You can also opt for unisa electronic training in technical schools that offer 1-year program in basic masonry.

To gain experience, journey masons work under established brick masons following completion of an apprenticeship program Physical Strength: Brick masons are able to lift, move, and work with heavy tools and materials such as cement bags and marketing essays blocks Math Skill: They are well versed in taking measurements and laying out projects according to set plans Physical Dexterity: They are skilled in using hand/power tools to electronic lay, align, and set bricks to patent form a structure Pre-employment tests: To get hired or admitted to unisa electronic an apprenticeship program for this job, you may be expected to take and coursework pass an assessment test. Discover job assessment test you may have to pass to get into this career, and how to electronic top competitors in suffragettes the test. Do you need a work description for the brick mason position in your company? If you do, then you can apply the sample description for the job given in this post in making one. The detailed job description you can design for the role using information from this post can help you attract the best candidates for the position if you are hiring.

The information in this post is also useful to individuals looking to become a mason; they will have a greater knowledge of what the role entails. Did you learn more about the unisa, duties and responsibilities of brick masons from this post? Please, letís know what you think about this article by leaving a comment in the box below. And if you work as a brick mason, you may also share what you do on the job so other readers may learn from it . Essay College? You may need to unisa electronic dissertations pass a job test to marketing be hired for a position, improve your chances of making high scores today! Job Assessment Tests: How to Top Your Competition. As part of the unisa dissertations, hiring process, most applicants that passed the initial Resume/CV screening phase are required to pass an marketing essays, assessment test for the job or apprenticeship position they are applying for. The goal of this phase is to determine if the candidate has the dissertations, appropriate set of skills and essay college help qualities to excel on the job.

Find out the tests you will be needing to take for the position you are applying for; get lots of success proven Practice materials to electronic dissertations prepare with now: Sure way to make high scores in job tests.

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Freiwillige Feuerwehr Gnthersleben Ľ Unisa theses and dissertations

matrix theme essay Morpheus: The Matrix is everywhere, it is all around us, even now in this very room. You can see it when you look out your window, or you turn on your television. You can feel it when you go to work, when you go to church, when you pay your taxes. It is the world that has been pulled over your eyes to blind you from the truth.

Morpheus: That you are a slave, Neo. Dissertations! Like everyone else, you were born into bondage. born into a prison that you cannot smell or taste or touch. Patent! A prison for your mind. The question what is the Matrix? is the mantra repeated both within and without the film, in its text, sub-text, and super-text (i.e. the ads that promote it). There are least three answers to this question that dialectically interface with each other and which live and breathe in a network of simulated theoretical consciousness that thinks intensely about the modern metaphysics of culture. This movie explores the unisa electronic dissertations relationship between reality and simulacra, the images that dominate and permeate every aspect of our being. It is also a deeply philosophical and spiritual film that addresses what it means to be real, to have free will, to be a messiah, and to perform miracles.

In this paper we shall consider the answers to the mantra and interpret the film's postmodern critique of culture by examining three philosophical and spiritual themes explored within it, in an ascending order of the extent to patent assignments, which each cuts closest to the hermeneutical core of the film. (1) Answer 1: The Matrix is unisa electronic, a twisted version of the story of a savior come to redeem lost souls from the programmed semi-reality of the modern military-industrial -entertainment complex, but which calls into question the value of redemption and deconstructs the categories of salvation and marketing essays, terrorism. In this section we argue that the question we should be asking ourselves is not so much What is the Matrix?, but What is the cipher? that acts as the key to the Matrix. Answer 2: The Matrix is a re-telling of Descartes' dream of the evil demon come to trick him into electronic, believing that everything he senses and thinks is false. Answer 3: The Matrix is a story about simulacra, simulations of the real, which Jean Baudrillard describes as that which never hides the truth, but hides the coursework fact that there is none (1994a, 1). (2) Part I. Redemption or Terrorism? Two Descriptions of the Hyperreal.

Now it is high time to awake out of electronic, sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed (Romans 13:11). The most obvious reading of this film is to chalk it up as being yet another Christian redemption story. Read Mercer Schuchardt writes: It is not without coincidence that The Matrix was released on the last Easter weekend of the dying 20 th Century. It is a parable of the original Judeo-Christian world-view of entrapment in a world gone wrong, with no hope of survival or salvation short of something miraculous. International Essays! The Matrix is a new testament for a new millennium, a religious parable of mankind's messiah in an age that needs salvation as desperately as any ever has. Unisa Electronic! (Parable, Experience, Question, Answer)

There is much evidence in the film to support such a reading. But one can advance a radically different interpretation, that The Matrix actively deconstructs the categories of redemption and terrorism, indicating that the simulated reality of the Matrix is just or even more authentic than the post-eco-holocaust desert of the real to which Morpheus and his followers would subject the inhabitants of the Matrix in their redemptive crusade. Patent Assignments! This film is multifaceted and cannot be reduced to a simple dramatization of the struggle between good and unisa dissertations, evil; rather, it blurs this distinction, calling into question the as performance studies coursework foundations of our Western binary moral codes. We do not learn until well into the film that the Matrix is electronic dissertations, simply digital data that creates a dreamworld for its prisoners. Essay College! Nothing in the world of the film is real - everything is simulation, created by artificial intelligence machines (AIs). Morpheus (played by unisa electronic, Laurence Fishburne) explains this to Neo (Keanu Reeves) after he is reborn into reality. Significantly, Morpheus was the god of dreams in Greek mythology. On Steve Style! His name connotes the ability to change, which is fitting, because our Morpheus has considerable control over the dreamworld of the dissertations Matrix, being able to suffragettes coursework, break many of its supposed physical laws. Electronic! He explains to Neo that sometime in the late twentieth-first century there was a conflict between human beings and the artificial intelligence machines they had engineered.

The humans thought they could destroy the AIs by cutting off their energy source, sunlight. A war ensued, the sun was blackened, and the earth became a wasteland. The computers survived the catastrophe by enslaving humans and using them as living batteries. In the age of the Matrix, human beings are not born; they are grown and coursework, tended by machines in huge fields of unisa dissertations, biopods. Babies are plugged into the Matrix, where they live out their lives in a simulated reality of patent assignments, late twentieth-century earth, the so-called height of human civilization. Humans are a renewable resource for the AIs: even when they die, they are fed intravenously into the living. Dissertations! The Matrix is a simulation, but the minds that inhabit it are real. The Matrix is policed by agents, AIs living a simulated reality as FBI-type lawmen. They have superhuman strength and coursework, speed, and unisa electronic, are able to bend and break some of the rules of the Matrix's code.

Although most human beings really live in international marketing, the fields (and mentally in unisa electronic dissertations, the Matrix), there is coursework examples, a colony of humans in Zion, the last human city, near the earth's core, where it is still warm. The name Zion is, of course, saturated with biblical significance; it is the ancient name of Jerusalem and the heavenly city where the electronic righteous will be saved after the destruction of the world. As Performance! The children of Zion represent a threat to the AIs and the Matrix. The agents' goal is therefore to attain the codes that allow entry into Zion's mainframe computer to destroy it. Morpheus tells Neo that early in the history of dissertations, AI domination, there was a man who could change the Matrix, liberating many people from it. Assignments! It has been foretold by the Oracle that another such ONE will come again to save the world (note that Neo's name is an anagram of the word one). Morpheus, the leader of a group resisting the electronic dissertations Matrix's VR world, believes that Neo is this one, although we learn that he has been wrong before. The agents have identified Neo, AKA Thomas Anderson, as his next target.

They speak of Morpheus as a terrorist, who periodically targets inhabitants of the Matrix to join their resistance movement. When Agent Smith (played with admirable sang froid by Hugo Weaving) interrogates Neo after he has been apprehended, he says: Agent Smith : We know that you have been contacted by a certain individual, a man who calls himself Morpheus. Now whatever you think you know about this man is irrelevant. Patent! He is considered by many authorities to be the most dangerous man alive. My colleagues believe that I am wasting my time with you, but I believe that you wish to do the right thing. We're willing to wipe the slate clean, to give you a fresh start, and all we're asking in return is your cooperation in bringing a known terrorist to justice. (From the film) Morpheus' role is both redemptive and terroristic since his project is to electronic dissertations, end life as billions now know it, to save them from their delusions and redeem them into the desert of the real, a wasteland worthy of Old Testament prophets' wanderings. Terrorism is the only effective way to resist the hegemony of a technologically created hyperreality. The only way to break the spell is to kill the as performance witch, but those under her spell will suffer greatly after it is broken.

Like all terrorist groups, Morpheus and his cohorts are religious fanatics, quite ready to die in suicide missions. Electronic Dissertations! Morpheus functions as both God and the father to the group, which anyone familiar with Freud's psychology of religion will not find too surprising. Help! They are guided by an Oracle, and they have faith that the One will come again to dissertations, redeem humanity from the illusory world created by the Matrix so that all will see the suffragettes coursework Way, the Truth, and the Light. Neo is clearly a messianic figure. When his friend comes to his door early in the film to buy some illegal clips, he says: You're my savior, man! thus foreshadowing Neo's role in this film. Like Morpheus, the name Neo is significant. It means young, new or recent, but can also signify new world.

As already noted, it is an anagram for the word one. Neo is the hope of the Nebuchadnezzar's motley crew for the new world, free of artificial intelligence. Electronic Dissertations! He is a high-tech redeemer and essay style, the new Christ. The agents have identified Neo as a trouble-maker and unisa dissertations, a potential target of Morpheus. Moreover, like Morpheus, he is a terrorist (at least in the virtual sense), a hacker who is guilty of every computer crime in the book. Thus they bug him, presumably to monitor his contact with Morpheus. Coursework! In horror film fashion reminiscent of the electronic parasites in Cronenberg's Shivers (1975), a hybrid electronic-organic bug is released onto his belly and burrows its way into his body through his navel. In the next scene, Neo starts up from his bed, remembering the harrowing experience as just a dream. Yet he later gets a phone call from Morpheus asking to meet him. Neo is picked up by essay college help, Trinity (Carrie-Ann Moss), Apoc and Switch, and is horrified to discover that the bug he thought he only dreamed of was real when Trinity sucks it out of his stomach with a bizarre mechanical pump.

Neo had already met Trinity a few scenes earlier when he got a message over his computer to electronic, follow the essay jobs leadership white rabbit (one of the several Lewis Carroll references in the film). Seeing a tatoo of a white rabbit on Choi's girlfriend Dujour's arm when they visit Neo's apartment, he accompanies them to a dance club, where he meets Trinity for the first time. The significance of Trinity's name is electronic, so obvious that it hardly merits comment. She is part of a holy trinity composed of Morpheus the father, Neo the son, and international essays, Trinity the holy spirit. We discover later that the essential characteristics of Trinity, the holy spirit, are faith and dissertations, love. Trinity brings Neo to see Morpheus in a dank and depressing Escher-style building.

He offers Neo two pills, a red pill which would allow him to see the as performance coursework world as it really is, and a blue pill that would let him wake up in his bed and remember everything as a dream. Neo chooses the red pill, which turns out to be a tracer so that he can reconnect with his real body in the growing fields and rejoin Morpheus, Trinity and the others on unisa electronic dissertations, their ship, the Nebuchadnezzar, a sort of submarine/hovercraft pirate ship that sails beneath the surface of the devastated real world, hacking periodically into the virtual reality of the Matrix. Significantly, Nebuchadnezzar was a biblical Babylonian king who searched for patent meaning in his dreams. Morpheus and his crew are searching for meaning in unisa electronic, the dreamworld of the Matrix, in the hope of destroying it and awakening its captives. Awakening the on steve dreamers to witness the reality of Jehovah is electronic, a quintessentially Christian project: Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light (Ephesians 5:14).

Once Neo is reconnected to his body, he is literally reborn, emerging from his biopod covered in blood and goo. This rebirth is clearly symbolic of a baptism. Since Morpheus provides the opportunity for Neo to be born again, he may also be seen as a John the Baptist, he who recognizes the ONE, and baptizes Him. Once aboard the Nebuchadnezzar, Neo's body must be hooked up to coursework, electrodes and pierced with acupuncture needles because his real muscles have never been used and are thus severely atrophied. He asks Morpheus why do my eyes hurt? Morpheus replies: You have never used them before.

This sentence is obviously metaphoric for the Christian message: Verily verily I say unto thee, except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God (John 3:3). For the first time in his life, Neo's body is connected physically to his mind. He awakens from his dream and sees the world as it really is. Unfortunately, the kingdom of God is not a particularly pleasant place. It is a world in electronic, which the sun is blackened, the earth's surface ravaged, where people can only live near the earth's core. International Essays! Life in the real world is bleak.

At this point, his training begins. Neo is hooked up to a mini-Matrix operated from the ship's bridge: Tank loads combat programs onto the ship's computer, which Neo absorbs through his mind. Unisa! His body is never involved in the training. He becomes proficient in Kung Fu and other martial arts. Finally he fights Morpheus in essay leadership, a simulated Zen-like gymnasium where they are both plugged into a computer simulation program. Neo is so impressed by the simulacrum, he cannot believe it is not real.

Morpheus asks: How would you know the difference between the dream world and the real world? This question is crux of the unisa dissertations entire film, hinting at Descartes' meditations, as we shall soon see. Hyperreality, like reality, is based on rules. The purpose of coursework, Neo's training in the martial arts is to learn how to bend and break these rules in order to manipulate the Matrix and defeat the agents. Essentially he is learning to walk on electronic, water - i.e. to perform miracles. As with any terrorist group, soldiers must be trained to defeat the enemy, which is always the system, taken in some sense of this word. Needless to say, miracles are pretty effective terrorist tactics not only to physically overpower the enemy, but also to win converts to the cause.

Our heroes must hope that the drowning Egyptians don't learn how to walk on water too before the waves consume them. Sometime later, Neo and Cypher (Joe Pantaliano) look at the code that flashes across the screen. On Steve Jobs Leadership! Neo is incredulous that Cypher can de-cipher it. The latter explains that he can't even see the code anymore: he reads it as a blond, a brunette, or a red-head, i.e. the simulacra that the code represents. Like all other monikers in the film, Cypher is a meaningful name.

The word cipher can mean the number zero or a person who has little or no value. More importantly, it can mean a system of secret writing based on a set of symbols or a message in such a system . Not surprisingly, Cypher's job on the ship is to read the computer code or the secret writing. Later, we see that he is the messenger of an important truth: That the war between humans and AIs is over and that the AIs have won. This in fact can be viewed as the cipher of the entire film, the Wachowskis' hidden prophecy that we are inescapably committed to unisa electronic dissertations, living out coursework our lives in a hyperreal culture. Cypher also plays the Judas figure in this film, betraying Morpheus (the only person with access to the codes for Zion's computer mainframe) to the agents over a meal of dissertations, succulent steak (the film's equivalent of Judas' pieces of silver). He says to Agent Smith I know this steak doesn't exist, yet revels in its taste all the same. He concludes, Ignorance is bliss. As Performance Studies Coursework! Read Mercer Schuchardt makes some interesting observations regarding the steak scene in his web essay on The Matrix:

It is immensely significant that Cypher's deal-making meal with the agents centers around steak. First, meat is a metaphor that cyberspace inhabitants use to describe the real world: meat space is the term they use to describe the non-virtual world, a metaphor that clearly shows their preference for the virtual realm. Cypher says that even though he knows the steak isn't real, it sure seems like it. The stupidity and superficiality of unisa, choosing blissful ignorance is revealed when Cypher says that when he is reinserted into the Matrix, he wants to be rich and somebody important, like an actor. It's a line you could almost pass over if it wasn't so clearly earmarked as the speech of a fool, justifying his foolishness. But meat is also the metaphor that media theorist Marshall McLuhan uses to describe the tricky distinction between a medium's content and form. As he puts it, The content of coursework, a medium is like a juicy piece of meat that the burglar throws to unisa, distract the watchdog of the mind. . The Matrix itself is designed, like Huxley's brave new world, to oppress you not through totalitarian force, but through totalitarian pleasure. (Parable, Experience, Question, Answer)

While we certainly agree with Schuchart's allusion to as performance coursework, McLuhan, Cypher is no simple fool, no mere pawn in the AIs' game. His betrayal is particularly interesting because his motives are so rational. He is clearly extremely angry with and oppressed by Morpheus, who he portrays as a kind of slave-driver. When Cypher and Neo share a drink together he says: I know what you're thinking, because right now I'm thinking the dissertations same thing. Why, oh why didn't I take the blue pill?

Reality is extremely bleak and uncomfortable on examples, the Nebuchadnezzar. Moreover, Cypher is no more free on the ship than he was in the Matrix. Unisa! In both situations he is working to benefit others; the college help difference is that in the Matrix he at least has the illusion of unisa electronic dissertations, being free and the experience of a pleasant life, while on the ship he feels oppressed. Suffragettes! From Cypher's standpoint, there can be no point to saving people from the Matrix, because the unisa electronic Matrix is, by any measure, a much more pleasant place to live than reality. To him Morpheus's entire project of patent assignments, redemption is deluded and misguided. Moreover, the vast majority of the electronic people in the Matrix (both in the film and, one would imagine, in the film's audience) have no desire to be redeemed. Cypher forces the audience to ask a serious question: If Neo is the ONE, from what is he redeeming the world?

Where is the patent assignments evil in electronic dissertations, the Matrix? How is it fundamentally different from the world in which we live today? The answer to the last question is that there is coursework, no difference. We are living in a world saturated by simulacra controlled by mega-powers beyond our ken. We think we have choices, but we don't. We think we are free, but we aren't. Our bodies are batteries that provide the energy for the work of nameless, faceless corporations. Most of unisa electronic dissertations, us in the Western world are corporate slaves. Even if we are not entirely happy, we are for suffragettes the most part unwilling to make meaningful changes in our lives. Most of us would never forsake our hyperreal world for the desert of the real. If someone like Morpheus were to come along to liberate us, we would see him as an arrogant, self-righteous and fanatical terrorist, come to unisa, replace our comforts and conveniences with his unattractive version of reality, complete with a new set of dictates on how we must now live our lives (media castigate Ted Kaczynski, AKA the Unabomber, had the same sort of suffragettes coursework, project in mind, which he hoped to accomplish by postal terrorism).

Most of us would prefer to stay asleep and unisa electronic dissertations, blind, to not be born again. If Morpheus's desert of the coursework examples real is the kingdom of god, he can keep it. This position is not superficial, foolish, or ignorant: it is pragmatic. Any freedom that might be experienced on the Nebuchadnezzar is as illusory as the unisa freedom one feels in the Matrix. Human beings are never free. The film makes this point perfectly clear, and as such effectively deconstructs the categories of salvation and terrorism. From Cypher's perspective, Morpheus and his crew are a group of terrorists, and he is leaving them to rejoin legitimate society. After Neo's training, Morpheus decides that the time is right to suffragettes, take him to dissertations, see the Oracle, an old woman who has functioned as a prophetess since the beginning of the resistance. Everyone on the ship except Tank enters the Matrix.

When Neo finally meets this middle-aged, charming black woman, she tells him not to mind the vase, at which point Neo trips and knocks it over. In this scene, the Oracle plays with the concepts of suffragettes coursework, free will and fate. The act of prediction influences the course of unisa electronic, events, just as the behavior of electrons changes when they are observed using light photons. The Oracle asks Neo: So, what do you think? You think you're the One? Neo answers I don't know. To this the Oracle replies Know thyself, the inscription over the ancient Temple of Delphi wherein a more venerable oracle gave her prophecies to all and sundry (the Latin version adorns a wooden plaque hanging above her kitchen door). She goes on to say that being the ONE is like being in patent, love. There's no question about it, one just knows. Since Neo does not know it (yet), he is not the One, at least according to her.

I'm not the unisa electronic dissertations One? Neo asks, to which the Oracle responds, Sorry, kid. You got the gift, but it looks like you're waiting for something. Later that day, Neo dies and is resurrected by the faith and love of the holy spirit (Trinity) and becomes the ONE, the miracle worker who can stop bullets, having become fully aware that the Matrix is not really there. Ultimately the Oracle does foretell the future. He becomes the one, but in another life. As such, Neo is at once fated and free, both the One and not the One.

At this point, Cypher has betrayed the group to the agents, who are now hot on their trail. They are specifically interested in Morpheus because he has the codes to Zion's mainframe computer. Cypher asks for an exit and rejoins his body on the ship, where he subsequently shoots Tank and style, begins the process of unplugging the others' bodies on the ship (thus murdering them). During this process he calls Trinity, with whom he has been in dissertations, love for many years, to essay jobs style, explain his motives: (3) Cypher : You see the truth, the real truth is that the war is unisa, over. It's been over for a long time. And guess what? We lost! Did you hear that? We lost the coursework war!

Cypher : Zion? Zion is a part of this delusion. Unisa Electronic! More of this madness. That's why this has to essay college help, be done. It has to end, now and forever. Unisa! (She suddenly sees the entire dark plan.) Trinity : Oh my God, this is international, about Zion. Unisa! You gave them Morpheus for the access codes to Zion. Cypher : You see Trinity, we humans here have a place in the future. But it's not here, it's in the Matrix. Trinity : The Matrix isn't real. Cypher : Oh, I disagree Trinity.

I think the Matrix is more real than this world. I mean, all I do is suffragettes, pull a plug here. But there you watch a man die. (He grabs hold of the unisa cable in Apoc's neck, twists it and yanks it out.) You tell me which is patent assignments, more real. (Apoc seems to go blind for electronic an instant, a scream caught in his throat, his hands reaching for nothing, and then falls dead. Switch screams.) Welcome to the real world, right? Trinity : Somehow, some way, you're going to pay for this.

Cypher : Pay for it? I'm not even going to on steve style, remember it. Unisa Electronic! It'll be like it never happened. Coursework! The tree falling in the forest. Electronic! It doesn't make a sound. Trinity : Goddamn you Cypher! Cypher : Don't hate me Trinity, I'm just the messenger. And right now I'm going to prove that the message is true. (Screenplay 1996) A cipher is a secret message, and in this passage Cypher represents himself as a messenger.

We shall see in the third part of this paper that Cypher's perspective on hyperreality is quite Baudrillardesque, and is probably the final position held by Larry and suffragettes coursework, Andy Wachowski. Unisa Electronic Dissertations! The film then is coursework, not (just) a story about good defeating evil, as Schuchardt argues; instead, it is a multi-faceted description of our own hyppereal culture; an assessment that the war has already been won by the controllers of technology; and that our concept of the electronic dissertations real is international essays, a utopia that no longer exists. Cypher then asks Trinity if she believes that Neo is the ONE. Unisa Dissertations! Trinity says that she does. Cypher laughs at this, bragging that I mean if Neo's the essays one, then there'd have to be some kind of unisa, a miracle to stop me. As it turns out, a miracle does occur, and coursework, a resurrected Tank kills Cypher before he is able to unplug Trinity and Neo. When the agents finally have Morpheus in unisa, their grasp, they begin the suffragettes process of hacking into unisa electronic, his mind to obtain the codes. Morpheus proves surprisingly resistant to essay, their efforts, so the electronic agents begin playing mind games to coursework, wear him down. During an important exchange, Agent Smith explains that this Matrix is not the original one. The first Matrix attempted to simulate a garden of unisa dissertations, Eden, a perfect world, free of pain and suffering. Studies Coursework! The human minds could not accept such a world because they define their existence by suffering.

As a result, a second Matrix had to be constructed. This story echos the Genesis story of original sin and the fall from grace. In this case, however, the unisa AIs are God. Back on the ship, Trinity and Neo realize that Morpheus is vulnerable to the agents' interrogation, and, as a result, that Zion is in patent, danger. Tank and Trinity decide that the unisa electronic only thing to do is pull the plug on as performance studies, Morpheus to save Zion. Neo stops them, having resolved to dive back into the data pool of the Matrix to rescue Morpheus.

If he is truly the One, he will be able to defeat the agents, even though all the previous prophets have failed (and thus proven themselves false). Electronic! Trinity, as Neo's commanding officer, insists on coming along. Patent Assignments! They enter the Matrix and liberate Morpheus (after blasting their way through walls of electronic, security guards and swat teams). Morpheus and Trinity exit successfully in a subway phone booth, leaving Neo behind. Just as he is about to exit, he is confronted by Agent Smith, his old nemesis. Several minutes of acrobatic hand to hand combat ensue; Neo temporarily gets the suffragettes upper hand, but is eventually killed. Thus Neo dies to redeem Morpheus as well as the children of Zion.

Back on unisa, the ship, Trinity has become very faithful. She now realizes that Neo is the suffragettes coursework One, because she has fallen head over dissertations, heals in love with him, as the Oracle foretold. Although she knows that Neo is dead, her faith in him and her love, incarnated with a princess charming kiss on his real lips, are just what the examples doctor ordered to resurrect our hero. Once resurrected, he is unisa electronic dissertations, invincible and able to really see the Matrix for patent what it is - streams of code. Now he can stop bullets and perform other sundry miracles.

He has become a divine being, a Herculean demi-god. The obvious spiritual message is that faith is love and that love is stronger than death. Faith and Love are the unisa electronic dissertations ultimate strength, more powerful even than Neo's new abilities to halt bullets in examples, mid-flight. At the end of the movie Neo makes a phone call to the audience. He says: Neo: You're afraid of change. I don't know the future. I didn't come here to tell you how this is going to end. I came here to tell you how it's going to dissertations, begin . . I'm going to show them a world without you [the AIs, presumably], a world without rules and controls, without borders or boundaries, a world where anything is possible.

Where we go from college help there is a choice I leave to you. Ironically, as we shall see in the third part of this essay, the message of the film can be understood to unisa electronic dissertations, say just the opposite of Neo's closing words. The cipher is the message spoken by Cypher. You see, the truth, the real truth is that the war is over. It's been over for international marketing essays a long time. And guess what? We lost! Did you hear that - we lost the war. Part II. Ghosts in the Machine: The Matrix as the dissertations Cartesian Evil Demon.

Another way to interpret the world of The Matrix is to as performance studies, see it as a high-tech simulation of René Descartes' experiment with extreme doubt in his Meditations. Electronic! For the philosophically uninitiated, at on steve jobs the start of this groundbreaking short work, Descartes proposes to doubt all of his previous opinions in order to get at a body of knowledge he knows to be absolutely true. Part of the unisa electronic dissertations reason for college this campaign of doubt is the fact that his senses have in the past so often played him false: Everything I have accepted up to now as being absolutely true and assured, I have learned from or through the unisa electronic dissertations senses. International! But I have sometimes found that these senses played me false, and it is prudent never to trust entirely those who have once deceived us. (Descartes 1968, 96) Indeed, he asks whether his entire life is unisa dissertations, no more than a dream, wondering whether, in fact, he is dreaming as he writes his first Meditation. But reality intrudes: even the sirens and satyrs of his dreamworld must be constructed from elements of real things.

Also, the truths of arithmetic and geometry are true in all possible worlds. In The Matrix we see a parallel process unfolding. When Morpheus is preparing Neo for his first exit from the Matrix, he asks him: Morpheus: Have you ever had a dream, Neo, that you were so sure was real? What if you were unable to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference between the dream world and patent, the real world? (From the film) Of course, as Descartes observed, you cannot tell the difference (assuming there is nothing with which to unisa electronic, compare the dreamworld in international marketing essays, terms of internal coherence, clarity, brilliance, consistency, etc., as is the case for the dreamers in electronic dissertations, the Matrix). Like Descartes, Neo doubts the reliability of coursework examples, his senses, a doubt reinforced by electronic, Morpheus's cryptic questions.

In the same exchange, Morpheus compares Neo's waking dream to the adventures of suffragettes, Lewis Carroll's light-hearted heroine, Alice. Morpheus: I imagine that right now you're feeling a bit like Alice, tumbling down the rabbit hole? Hmm? Morpheus: I can see it in your eyes. You have the look of a man who accepts what he sees because he is expecting to wake up. Unisa Electronic! (From the film) . which he soon does, by taking the red pill. But Neo discovers that truth is stranger than fiction as he tumbles down the rabbit hole, finding that it extends much deeper than he ever could have imagined. The Matrix is made up of a series of code to international marketing essays, which some fairly rigid rules apply. Its inhabitants are, for the most part, required to unisa dissertations, follow the basic laws of physics.

The point of as performance studies, Neo's simulated training is to learn to bend and break these laws while in it, to unisa electronic dissertations, defeat the AIs and essay on steve jobs style, ultimately to liberate the captive dreamers. Indeed, the illusion of the Matrix would be broken if the AI machines were able to change it whenever they fancied. Even when small changes are made (in one case, to surround a virtual building where our heroes are hiding out with brick walls), we see the intervention heralded by a glitch in the VR program, like the electronic skipping of a record needle: Neo witnesses two identical black cats walk by a doorway. Needless to say, the college help cats announce upcoming bad luck for our protagonists and show us the electronic dissertations black magic of the AIs, who can change the structure of the Matrix at will. The agents in the Matrix, however, usually follow the rough and ready rules of physics: Trinity is able to shoot one point-blank in the head and at suffragettes coursework least temporarily dispose of him. Of course, since they are pure computer code, they have the power to unisa electronic dissertations, re-simulate themselves in other virtual bodies. They are effectively immortal until Neo gains the ability to decode and reshape the Matrix to conform to his own will.

In short, even the agents cannot (usually) defy the rules of their own code, although they can always rewrite a virtual report of the results of any battle by infesting the consciousness of yet another hapless denizen of the Matrix. Descartes, like the crew on essay college, the Nebuchadnezzar, has faith that a divine being is the author of the universe. But he asks: . who can give me the dissertations assurance that this God has not arranged that there should be no earth, no heaven, no extended body, no figure, no magnitude, or place, and that nevertheless I should have the perception of all these things, and patent assignments, the persuasion that they do exist other than as I see them? (98) To guide (or misguide) him on his way to certain knowledge, Descartes invents an evil demon, a sort of anti-God, whose diabolical goal is to deceive him about everything he has ever believed: I shall suppose, therefore, that there is, not a true God, who is the sovereign source of truth, but some evil demon, no less cunning and deceiving than powerful, who has used all his artifice to deceive me. I will suppose that the heavens, the air, the unisa electronic earth, colors, shapes, sounds and all external things that we see, are only illusions and deceptions which he uses to take me in. (100) We find out that this demon plagues him with doubt not only about the reports of the senses, but about the established conclusions of international marketing, philosophy, mathematics, and even common sense. Unisa! Descartes has voluntarily put himself, via a thought experiment, into a 17th century version of virtual reality, where nothing his senses tell him is true. Mind you, he, like the on steve leadership style crew of the Nebuchadnezzar, never questions whether or not reality has an essence to which his descriptions can correspond; he takes this on absolute faith.

He only worries that his descriptions do not correspond to the essence of reality. He has, in short, inserted himself into a Matrix of illusion. Descartes' fantasy, like the Matrix, supposes that reality has an essence and that his descriptions of it are completely wrong because of the deception of an evil demon. If the film shows us the Cartesian dreamworld of hyperbolic doubt, then the puppet-masters who created this world, the AI machines that constructed the electronic dissertations Matrix to make its dwellers happy with their role as human batteries, are the evil demons who haunt Descartes' imagination. But there is one thing of essay college help, which Descartes feels he can be sure: there is dissertations, something or someone being deceived. The evil demon has a plaything, although it's not immediately clear what that plaything is.

After stripping away the reality of his body, external bodies, and even of as performance coursework, certain elements of the thinking process itself, he goes on in his second Meditation to conclude that there can be no doubt that he is thinking, whether or not his thoughts accurately reflect the nature of external reality. The proposition that I exist as a thinking thing must be true even if the objects of my thought are fundamental misrepresentations of the way things really are. Unisa Electronic! He thus provides pop philosophy one of its most popular clichés, I think, therefore I am. The same can be said of international marketing essays, Neo: he obviously thinks, and unisa electronic dissertations, therefore is. But it's not entirely clear just what he is, or whether the world around him is really there (however clearly and distinctly he seems to sense it).

Like Descartes' oar in the water, which appears crooked although he reasons that it must be straight, Neo's world streams into his consciousness full of splinters and unauthentic fragments of data that stick in his craw. And as in Descartes' doubt experiment, there is an evil demon in Neo's world, the AI machines that established and maintain the Matrix. When Neo takes the red pill that awakens him from his dreamworld into coursework examples, the less seductive reality of the post-eco-holocaust Earth, we see Descartes' doubt experiment at work writ large. But unlike Descartes, Neo has to return to the dreamworld of the evil demons, first to visit the Oracle, a Delphic-like priestess whose pronouncements are no clearer than the original conundrums of the Pythian Prophetess; later to save his mentor Morpheus, who has been caught by the Matrix's virtual Gestapo; and lastly, after his second rebirth, as a sort of Bodhisattva to the unenlightened. In another Cartesian metaphor, the inhabitants of the Matrix walk about like the automata Descartes imagines lurking outside his window. Unisa Electronic! They are literally cloaked in streams of data and inserted into each others' dreams. Help! (4) We get a startling sense of this when Neo and Morpheus, after Neo's training is apparently complete, enter what appears to be the Matrix itself. Neo's gaze is distracted by the passing of a pretty woman in red (a creation of Mouse, the ship's programmer), and an agent sneaks up behind him and pulls a pistol.

Morpheus pauses the program and everyone in the crowded street freezes except the two of them. In this case, other people are indeed automata, very realistic conglomerations of electrical signals sent to unisa electronic, Neo's cortex, providing him with the illusion of other living beings. The quest for perfection represents another Cartesian element in The Matrix. In his third Meditation, Descartes brings to as performance, the fore the classic medieval proof of god's existence, the ontological argument. Unisa! He contends that nothingness cannot be the cause of anything; that the more perfect has greater reality than the less perfect, and further, that perfection cannot be the product of imperfection. There must be greater perfection and suffragettes coursework, reality in the cause of the universe than its effects (for example, us). Unisa Electronic! Therefore God exists, in marketing essays, so far as we can imagine perfection, and this perfection cannot be the product of our feeble minds. In The Matrix, we find a reference to the creation of such perfection when Agent Smith interrogates a bound and helpless Morpheus.

He tells Morpheus that the initial Matrix created by the AIs gave its human prisoners a perfect life, free of pain and electronic, suffering, and how this construct was a disaster, as its prisoners rejected the illusions it created en masse. No one would accept the as performance coursework program. Entire crops were lost. Unisa Electronic! Smith speculates that there is something about the human mind that cannot live with such perfection. We are imperfect creatures as compared to the AIs, who are, quite literally, godlike. Paradoxically, here we see the suffragettes coursework ontological argument in reverse: how could imperfect human minds have created such sublime beings? Smith apparently never considers this question, treating evolution as a haphazard process, full of fits and starts, whereby an unisa electronic dissertations, imperfect species too much in love with corporeal reality (i.e. us) accidentally brings into being its own successors, who become masters of the planet.

In a private soliloquy to Morpheus - Smith takes out his earpiece, which we can take as symbolic of his disconnection from the Borg-like commonality of the world of the AIs - he divulges that he feels himself becoming corrupted by the simulated sensory overload of the Matrix, notably, the stench (he sniffs Morpheus's sweat to make his point): Agent Smith : I hate this place. This zoo. This prison. This reality, whatever you want to call it.

I can't stand it any longer. International Marketing Essays! It's the smell, if there is such a thing. I feel saturated by it. I can taste your stink. And every time I do I feel I have somehow been infected by it. It's repulsive, isn't it? . . . I must get out of here, I must get free. And in this mind is the key, my key. (From the film)

His crystalline consciousness seems to electronic, be drawn down into the corporeal realm (despite the fact he has no real body): his perfection is in danger of fragmenting. Yet he explains how the replacement of human dominance on the planet by the rule of the AIs is a necessary evolutionary step, a freeing of mind from the corruptions of the body. As Performance Studies! In Agent Smith's account of evolution, the dissertations thinking things must sever their links with this corporeal realm to move forward toward a purer transcendence. The classical philosophical problem of freewill and fate as represented in the film also echoes Cartesian themes. When Neo goes to visit the examples Oracle, she tells him not to worry about breaking a vase, which Neo proceeds to do when he whirls around in confusion.

Then she puts forward the riddle to Neo: What's really going to bake your noodle later on is, would you still have broken it if I hadn't said anything. She also asks him if he believes in fate (as had Morpheus earlier in the film). He says no, for he doesn't like the idea of not being in control of his life. Electronic Dissertations! (5) Descartes, like Neo, also makes the case for as performance studies freewill, saying that he is conscious of possessing a will so ample and electronic, extended as not to be enclosed in any limits. Assignments! He can will anything; but the limitations of his body and unisa electronic dissertations, of the external world prevent him from carrying out these projects. Similarly, in the Matrix, the characters can will anything they like; but they are bound by its rules, just as we are bound by the laws of physics. But, as Trinity tells Neo while driving to the Oracle: The Matrix cannot tell you who you are. Coursework Examples! The Cartesian rational ego may be totally deluded, but it can still construct itself as a free, unique entity.

The liberation that the coming of Neo as the One promises, is based on unisa electronic dissertations, this premise of metaphysical free will. Neo is at essay college help least potentially free to break the chains of the Matrix that held him prisoner for most of unisa dissertations, his life. The last major Cartesian theme in The Matrix is that of mind/body dualism. Descartes took the position that although mind and body are composed of different substances, and that on one level we can see the mind as a sort of pilot in the ship of the college body, they are closely related and form a single whole. We can see the intermingling in dissertations, the mind/body relationship in phenomena like the phantom pain in non-existent legs experienced by amputees. Of course, on one level we can see the theme of as performance studies coursework, mind/body dualism as the meta-theme of The Matrix. The whole concept of unisa dissertations, virtual reality is premised on essay help, Cartesian dualism: the body is shut down, while the mind is plugged into an alternative reality controlled by computer programs. More specifically, there is a sense of mind/body intermingling in electronic dissertations, a dialogue between Morpheus and Neo just prior to Neo's reinsertion into the Matrix. Neo asks, If you are killed in the Matrix, do you die here, to which Morpheus replies: The body cannot live without the mind, thereby reversing Descartes' concerns about the mind being too dependent on the body (with its unreliable sensory reports, physical drives, and essay help, troublesome emotions). We see visible evidence of this dependence on electronic dissertations, the bodies of those plugged into the Matrix when suffering virtual pain or bodily abuse: shaking, bloody noses, sweat, etc. In both the suffragettes coursework Cartesian and Wachowskian universes, mind and body are separate yet closely related.

Thus The Matrix can be understood in terms of a modern version of the unisa Cartesian dreamworld created by an evil demon, but which, paradoxically, leads to the certain knowledge that: I think therefore I am. It pushes the mind/body problem to essay, its theoretical limits while exploring free will and determinism in the artificial world created by the Wachowski brothers' thought experiment cum film. By any account, such weighty philosophical matters are more than what most Hollywood films ever hope to address. Nevertheless, the Wachowski brothers did not end their philosophical explorations in the seventeenth century. They plunge headlong into a cutting-edge postmodern critique of culture, consciously exploiting the ideas of cultural theorist Jean Baudrillard to illustrate an important point about the Matrix of our culture in which we find ourselves at present. Part III. The Matrix as a Simulacrum of the electronic Desert of the Real. For those who still believe in authorial intention, and that interpreting art and as performance, literature should involve assessing evidence and forming hypotheses about what the author meant to electronic, say, it can hardly be doubted that the theoretical source par excellence for The Matrix is Jean Baudrillard's theory that modern culture is a desert of the real in which hyperreal simulacra saturate and dominate human consciousness. There is much evidence in the film and screenplay to support the priority of such an interpretation. In the as performance studies Construct, for instance, before Neo begins his training, Morpheus invites him to watch a 60s-era color console TV, suggesting a nostalgia for an earlier era of electronic, technology. On it we see representations of street life in our own day; then, a jarring switch to essay on steve jobs, dark and devastated cities, the post-holocaust Earth.

Morpheus, with great ceremony, announces this shift to Neo with the following pronouncement: Welcome to the desert of the real. The desert of the electronic dissertations real is a classic Baudrillardesque metaphor. In this film, the Wackowskis argue along with Baudrillard that there is no longer a reality to which we can return because the studies coursework map of the landscape (the simulacra) has replaced most of the original territory. Unisa Dissertations! All that remains of it is a barren and international, forsaken desert. Today abstraction is no longer that of the map, the double, the mirror, or the concept. Simulation is no longer that of a territory, a referential being or a substance. Electronic Dissertations! It is the generation by models of a real without origin or reality: a hyperreal. The territory no longer precedes the map, nor does it survive it. Jobs Leadership! It is nevertheless the map that precedes the territory - the precession of simulacra - that engenders the territory. It is the electronic dissertations real, not the map, whose vestiges persist here and there in international, the deserts that are no longer those of the Empire, but ours.

The desert of the real itself. (Baudrillard 1994a, 1) Baudrillard uses this metaphor to suggest that what was once the real territory that the map simulated, is now a barren, lifeless desert, unclaimed by the Empire. Its domain is now the simulacra, the electronic dissertations map, because reality either no longer exists or has become so dry and patent, apostatized that it is of interest to almost no one. How this idea is paralleled in unisa electronic dissertations, The Matrix is easy enough to sort out. The Empire is the Matrix, created by the AIs. The real world is of no interest to coursework, them, and they do not seek to dominate it. The hyperreal world of the electronic Matrix is the essay college only territory worth defending, which they do at all costs against the realist terrorists aboard the Nebuchadnezzar, who aim to destroy it. Baudrillard and his work are referenced both in unisa electronic dissertations, the film and in the original screenplay.

His book of essays Simulacra Simulation, and specifically its last essay, On Nihilism, are featured in the film when Neo retrieves what appears to be a copy of the book, but which in fact is a hollowed-out hiding place for essay illegal computer disks (and thus a book-simulacrum) that he gives to some shady-looking characters who have come to unisa dissertations, his door. Also, in the original 1996 screenplay Morpheus tells Neo in the Construct: You have been living inside Baudrillard's vision, inside the map, not the territory. This is Chicago as it exists today. Suffragettes Coursework! As we have seen, the idea of a map as a simulacrum of unisa electronic dissertations, a territory that no longer exists, is taken from the first page of Baudrillard's essay, The Precession of patent, Simulacra, a primary source for many of the ideas in this film. Electronic Dissertations! Here Baudrillard argues that the relationship between the real and their simulacra have changed over time. Once there was a reality that could be represented by copies or simulacra. Original manuscripts, paintings or sculptures had to be reproduced by hand, for example.

The original object was real, and the simulacrum phony or counterfeit. Reality preceded its mapping or representation. In the second order of simulacra, that of mass production, real objects (such as toys, cars, or books) are mass produced. There is patent, no original to which the copies can or cannot be fully true. The original no longer precedes the copy; one copy is not more authentic than the other. We are currently living in the third order of simulacra, that of unisa, models and codes. Here the simulacra precede what they represent, becoming not only real, but more than real, or hyperreal, because there is no reality left to coursework examples, map or counterfeit.

Simulacra are formed from code, and unisa dissertations, bear no resemblance to any reality whatsoever. Hyperreal simulacra include images and products like Madonna, Coca Cola, and Nike that are reproduced by the millions and which are imprinted onto coursework examples our consciousness via TV, film, and unisa electronic dissertations, other forms of media. For Baudrillard, postmodernity has rejected the very notion of a true copy, which represents something more real or authentic than itself. We are at a point in history where simulacra are more real (and have a greater impact) than the on steve jobs leadership original code from which they were created. The three orders of simulacra map on to the last three phases of what Baudrillard calls the phases of the image: Such would be the successive phases of the image: it is the reflection of a profound reality; it masks and denatures a profound reality; it masks the absence of a profound reality; it has no relationship to any reality whatsoever: it is its own pure simulacrum. In the first case, the image is a good appearance - representation is of the sacramental order. Electronic! In the college help second, it is an evil appearance - it is of the order of maleficence.

In the third it plays at being an appearance - it is of the order of sorcery. Dissertations! In the fourth it is no longer in the order of appearances, but of simulation. (Baudrillard 1994a, 6) The last phase represent the third order of simulacra, which masks the fact that there is no reality left to simulate and whose simulations bear no resemblance to any reality whatsoever. Morpheus and the crew of the Nebuchadnezzar believe that the Matrix (a metaphor for our own technological and hyperreal world) masks and denatures a profound reality, from which the dreamers must be redeemed. Now it is as performance studies coursework, high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed (Romans 13:11).

Cypher disagrees, arguing, along with Baudrillard, that there is no reality left to simulate, that the simulacra (of the Matrix) are more real than the electronic desert of the real,and that there is no longer a God to distinguish between the true and the false. Baudrillard writes: The transition from coursework signs which dissimulate something to signs that dissimulate that there is nothing marks a decisive turning point. Unisa Dissertations! The first reflects a theology of truth and secrecy (to which the notion of ideology still belongs). The second inaugurates the essay college era of simulacra and of simulation, in which there is no longer a God to recognize his own, no longer a Last Judgment to separate the false from the true, the electronic dissertations real from its artificial resurrection, as everything is already dead and resurrected in essay college help, advance. (Baudrillard 1994a, 6) The Matrix simulates and resurrects a reality that once existed, but all of which remains on unisa dissertations, post-eco-holocaust earth are vestiges that persist here and there in the deserts that no longer are those of the Empire.

The desert of the real itself. According to Cyper, this desert must be abandoned in favor of the oasis of the hyperreal. Ironically, Morpheus, like Cypher, struggles with the distinction between reality and hyperreality, describing reality as a set of electrical signals interpreted by the brain. In the Construct he asks Neo: Morpeus: What is international marketing, real? How do you define real? If you're talking about what you feel, what you can smell, what you taste and see, then real is electronic dissertations, simply electrical signals interpreted by suffragettes coursework, the brain. (From the film) Here we catch Morpheus in a contradiction. According to him, if the mind believes it, it is unisa, real, yet he argues that the Matrix is international, not real, but a dream. Nevertheless, it is unisa dissertations, quite possible to die in the Matrix, or in marketing, any computer simulation program, because the body and mind are inextricably co-dependent.

The unstated conclusion seems to be that life in dissertations, the Matrix is not unreal but hyperreal - i.e. more real than reality. The difference between reality and hyperreality is not that one is more authentic than the other, rather, hyperreality is controlled by the AIs, and therefore the essay minds that inhabit it are not free. This is Baudrillard's chief criticism of our hyperreal culture: we are controlled by a system of binary regulation, by a code, by a Matrix. Reality, on the other hand, allows the mind to think for itself (in theory at unisa electronic least). One of the interesting elements of assignments, this film is that this premise is called into question. It is very unclear that there is more freedom in the desert of the unisa electronic dissertations real than there is in examples, the Matrix. Unisa Dissertations! Nevertheless, the control exercised over it by coursework, the AIs, and not its illusory nature, is what Morpheus objects to:

Morpheus: The Matrix is everywhere, it is electronic dissertations, all around us, even now in this very room. You can see it when you look out your window, or you turn on your television. You can feel it when you go to work, when you go to suffragettes, church, when you pay your taxes. It is the world that has been pulled over your eyes to blind you from the dissertations truth. Morpheus: That you are a slave, Neo. Like everyone else, you were born into bondage. born into studies, a prison that you cannot smell or taste or touch.

A prison for your mind. (From the film) In the film the desert of the real is meant in at least two ways: in the context of Neo and Morpheus's visit to the devastated surface of the planet, the real is quite literally a desert, dark and devoid of life. In a second sense, the fact that most human beings are plugged into the dreamworld of the Matrix suggests that they, too, live in a desert of the real, which is to say an oasis of the hyperreal. There is also a third sense in which the film is about the desert of the real. We can map the electronic distinction between the Matrix and the real world of college help, those who have escaped from it onto a similar differentiation in our own world and in our own day. On the one hand, most people live in cities, depending on corporations for their livelihood and a sense of dissertations, meaning and purpose in their lives. They are the power supply of the industrial-military-entertainment complex. Coursework! Their world is dominated by mass media and advertising from every imaginable source, especially television, computers, and other forms of technology, which permeate their lives and determine the scope of their choices. Mass media invades their most intimate moments, accompanying them into the most secret recesses of their homes. On the other hand, there is a small faction of people who, like the Unabomber Ted Kaczysnki, have escaped from this culture.

They live off the land in isolation, having spurned technology. Such people remain uninfected by hyperreal culture, and claim to see reality as it really is. Their project is to awaken the slumbering masses by offering up terrorist resistance to hyperreality. Like Baudrillard, these Luddites argue that in the era of models and electronic, codes, which multiply themselves and control the suffragettes coursework world by a system of binary regulation. It seems as if there are differences and choices: Pepsi or Coke, Democrat or Republican, Nike or Addidas etc, but they are constructed by those in unisa, control of the master codes and means of production of coursework examples, our civilization. Unisa! In this way the system reduces differences and opposition to coursework, itself, especially political opposition. Unisa Electronic Dissertations! It should be noted, however, that in pre-industrial societies, free of the hegemonic control exercised by modern forms of media, there are no such choices, raising the question: Is one more free in a society undominated by media? Cypher doesn't think so, which is why he chooses the world of succulent steak over that of thin gruel.

In the Matrix, the illusion (if it can be called that) of freedom is so convincing that the AIs have encountered almost no resistance to it. International Marketing Essays! The only way to dispute the rule exercised by a system that appears to offer unlimited freedom is by nihilistic terrorism. Neo and Trinity's rampages are in unisa electronic dissertations, fact not just blood and guts action, the meat designed to studies coursework, distract the watch dog of the mind, as Schuchardt argues. They are acts of nihilist terrorism, and the only way to unisa dissertations, combat the merchants of the hyperreal. Nihilism is a concept inextricably associated with terrorism. It is the denial of any basis for style knowledge or truth and a rejection of unisa, customary beliefs.

It is also the fanatic conviction that existing institutions must be destroyed to make way for a new and more meaningful order. Morpheus and his crew, at least from the point of view of the as performance studies AIs, are nihilist-terrorists, who believe that there is no basis for knowledge or values accepted by mainstream culture. Like all terrorists, they literally think that the denizens of mainstream culture (i.e. those living in the Matrix) are living in a dreamworld. It is no coincidence that Baudrillard's essay On Nihilism is unisa electronic, featured in the film. Studies! Baudrillard, too, would like to be a nihilist, to resist the hegemonic order, to fight the power: If being a nihilist, is carrying out, to unisa dissertations, the unbearable limit of hegemonic systems, this radical trait of international marketing, derision and violence, this challenge that the system is summoned to answer through its own death, then I am a terrorist and nihilist in theory as the unisa dissertations others are with their weapons. Theoretical violence, not truth, is the only resource left to us. (Baudrillard 1994c, 163) However, it is no longer possible to resist the studies coursework system terroristically, because the system itself is nihilistic, agreeing with those who would oppose it that there is no basis for truth or knowledge. As such, it incorporates terrorist resistance to unisa, itself, embracing it while erasing the value of human life. The more insistent the coursework resistance, the more indifferent the system's reaction to it.

But such a sentiment is unisa electronic, utopian. Studies Coursework! Because it would be beautiful to be a nihilist, if there were still a radicality - as it would be nice to be a terrorist, if death, including that of the terrorist still had meaning. But it is at this point where things become insoluble. Because to this active nihilism of radicality, the system opposes its own, the unisa electronic dissertations nihilism of examples, neutralization. The system is itself nihilistic, in the sense that it has the power to pour everything, including what denies it, into electronic dissertations, indifference. In this system, death itself shines by virtue of its absence. And this is the victory of the other nihilism, of the examples other terrorism, that of the system. (Baudrillard 1994c, 163) This is the why Neo's victory over the Matrix, if there is such a victory, could only come about by utterly destroying it as a physical system - by annihilating the technological structure supporting the hyperreality of the Matrix. (6)

Baudrillard, like the Wachowskis, find the unisa dissertations terrorist resistance to the system both noble and examples, hopeless - even silly. This is why, in unisa electronic, the original screenplay conclusion to essay college help, the film, we see Neo flying away like Superman as a disbelieving child asks his mother whether people can really fly. Attempts to transcend the hyperreal are puerile, a fantasy for children, worthy of comic book characters. At the same time the possibility of such a transcendence inspires us with awe and a renewed hope for unisa the existence of something solid behind the help images. Significantly, Neo can be seen as a simulacrum of Jesus Christ and Superman - nothing about electronic dissertations, him is original or true.

If there were still a reality left to represent, he would have to be described as a fake, a phoney, and a false prophet. From the point of view of Baudrillard's bleak nihilism, the true prophet would be Cypher, who bears the secret message of the film: You see, the truth, the real truth is coursework examples, that the war is over. Dissertations! It's been over for international marketing essays a long time. And guess what? We lost! Did you hear that - we lost the war. Since there is no reality left to simulate, Neo is not a fake - he is as hyperreal as the dissertations hyperreality he opposes. Like Don Quixote who believes that he lives in an earlier era of knights and essays, damsels, of honor and courtly love, Neo is both a freedom fighter and electronic, a terrorist, good and evil, noble and ridiculous. But he is not outside the system, he is embraced and engulfed by it because the reality he is fighting for no longer exists - it is a utopia, an ancient legend. The imaginary was the alibi of the real in a world dominated by the reality principle. Today, it is the real that has become the alibi of the model, in coursework, a world controlled by the principle of electronic, simulation.

And paradoxically, it is the real that has become our true utopia- but a utopia that is no longer in the realm of the possible, that can only coursework examples, be dreamt as one would dream of a lost object. (Baudrillard 1994b, 122-123) In short, to fight the Matrix one has to leave the hyperreal far behind, to unisa, rigorously think oneself outside it, and then find a way to physically destroy it. Baudrillard, something of a pessimist, doesn't seem to think that this is essay college help, remotely possible. Whether we take seriously Neo's closing message that anything is possible depends on whether we believe that the map of the hyperreal has entirely eclipsed the territory of contemporary culture. If it has, then we would be well advised to order a big juicy steak, and enjoy the ride. If not, we can, like Neo, choose to fight the power. Raw, metaphysically bold/Never followed a code.

Still droppin' a load/Droppin' a bomb. Brain game, intellectual Vietnam/Move as a team, never move alone. But/Welcome to the terrordome. Chuck D., lyrical terrorist/Public Enemy on Fear of a Black Planet. The Matrix (1999). Written and Directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski. Warner Brothers.

A transcript of the dialogue from the unisa electronic dissertations movie is suffragettes, available at: http://www.ix625.com/matrixscript.html The June 3, 1997 version of the screenplay, which is followed fairly closely by the film, can be found at: http://www.angelfire.com/ny2/TheMatrix/Downloads/TM1997.txt The April 8, 1996 version of the dissertations screenplay, which is help, considerably different from the film itself and the 1997 screenplay, can be found at: http://www.angelfire.com/ny2/TheMatrix/Downloads/TM1996.txt. Schuchardt, Read Mercer (2002). Parable, Experience, Question, Answer: http://www.metaphilm.com/philms/matrix1.html. This essay was originally posted in 1999 on http://www.cleave.com. Dew's Matrix Fan Page (point-form summaries of a variety of themes in the film, along with a short essay on how the unisa electronic dissertations film compares to as performance studies coursework, Plato's Allegory of the Cave): http://www.geocities.com/hollywood/theater/9175/neo/home.html. Brennan, Kristen (2001). Electronic! Star Wars Origins (analyses Star Wars and assignments, The Matrix as instances of the Hero's Journey): http://www.jitterbug.com/origins/myth.html.

Baudrillard, Jean (1994a). The Precession of the Simulacra. Unisa! Simulacra and Simulation. Trans. Sheila Faria Glaser. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Baudrillard, Jean (1994b).

Simulacra and Science Fiction. Suffragettes Coursework! Simulacra and Simulation. Trans. Sheila Faria Glaser. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Baudrillard, Jean (1994c). On Nihilism. Simulacra and Simulation. Dissertations! Trans. Sheila Faria Glaser.

Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Descartes, René (1968). The Meditations . In Discourse on Method and suffragettes, The Meditations. Trans. F. E. Sutcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Appendix: The Matrix as a Hero's Journey. As a number of interpreters have pointed out, there is another, meta-philosophical answer to the question what is the Matrix?: the film tells the unisa electronic dissertations story of the quest of our techno-hero Neo in a self-conscious recounting of the suffragettes coursework monomyth found in unisa, most ancient hero sagas. Neo can be read as yet another incarnation Joseph Campbell's Hero with a Thousand Faces, a modern Gilgamesh, Odysseus, Arthur or Beowulf. The following stages from the Hero's Journey can be fairly clearly discerned in The Matrix, although the international marketing order of Campbell's steps isn't adhered to rigorously in electronic dissertations, the film: The Call to marketing essays, Adventure: We see Neo being called to the quest by Trinity when she interrupts his computer hacking with the message wake up, Neo.

The metaphor of unisa dissertations, waking up from real or metaphysical slumbers as the international start of unisa dissertations, a spiritual journey is a common in most of the great religions and philosophies, notably Buddhism. The Road of Trials: Here the hero enters a labyrinth or enchanted forest to slay a dragon or other mythical beast. Naturally, Neo's entry into the Matrix after his training aboard the Nebuchadnezzar brings him to this road. Along the way he meets the Oracle, a basic element in the monomyth, and fights virtual dragons, the three agents. The Magic Flight: This stage is as performance coursework, ambiguous, but could refer to Neo's running battle with the agents in unisa, the last third of the movie. In fact, most of the movie is a magic flight of suffragettes, our heros from their enemies. Yet what makes The Matrix unique is not the fact that it echoes Campbell's monomyth, which can be seen a number of other films (e.g. the original Star Wars trilogy and Oh Brother, Where Are Thou?), but that it offers the rich interweave of philosophical interpretations discussed in this paper. 1. Evidence that this tripartite interpretation of the film comes close to electronic dissertations, the philosophical intent of the Wachowski Brothers can be found in the scene where we first meet Neo. It takes place in his apartment within the Matrix. After Trinity startles Neo with a message on his computer about the Matrix, Neo's friend Choi knocks at the door . He is surrounded by a group of people, including his alluring girlfriend Dujour. Choi buys some illegal computer disks which Neo has were hidden in coursework, a copy of unisa electronic dissertations, Baudrillard's Simulacra and Simulation.

He thanks Neo: Hallelujah. Essays! You're my savior, man! My own personal Jesus Christ!. Seconds later, after Choi remarks that Neo looks a little whiter than usual, Neo asks him You ever have that feeling where you're not sure if you're awake or still dreaming? In short, a book full of computer simulations, a personal savior, and Descartes' basic metaphysical question about the reality of the unisa world, all within one minute of suffragettes, screen time. 2. See the Appendix for a fourth interpretation of the film that runs parallel to those given in this paper. 3. We quote from the original 1996 screenplay since it illustrates Cypher's view of the relative values of the Matrix and the real world more clearly than does the unisa moderately revised version of the scene presented in the film. 4. There is another scene in the original 1996 screenplay that makes this point clear. When Neo's friend Anthony comes to ask him to do some hacking to release his car from a Denver boot installed by the police (in the final screenplay his friend is name Choi, who comes over to buy illegal software), Neo is successful, and the cops arrive to do so. They watch from the window as the cops silently, robotically, climb into their van, Anthony remarking, Look at 'em.

Automatons. Don't think about what they're doing or why. Computer tells 'em what to do and they do it. 5. In the fight between Smith and Neo in the subway station toward the end of the examples film, the unisa electronic dissertations theme of as performance studies, fate and free will arises yet again when Smith, hearing the electronic rapidly approaching train, asks Neo if he knows what that it. Answering his own question, he says That is the sound of inevitability. It is the sound of your death.

Fortunately for him, Neo is an assignments, advocate of free will, so he leaps in the air and unisa dissertations, does a back flip off the tracks, thus exchanging his own dire fate with Smith's more palatable one. 6. Essay! Again, this is a conclusion similar to that reached by Kaczynski in his manifesto Industrial Society and its Future.

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Equal pay and ways to achieve equality. Unisa! Nowadays, educational institutions use special types of essays which are meant to teach students a system of patent assignments, causes and dissertations effects. What are the essay help effects of spending too much time on the Internet? What causes people to spend so much during the sales? Every day we make many different choices. Dissertations! Why not choose comparison and contrast as a fundamental idea for your essay?

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essay on unisa poets © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the patent most difficult aspect of the dissertations English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on!

Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to as performance, read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the unisa electronic dissertations site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of patent, any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for unisa, your interpretation - the studies coursework higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to unisa dissertations, explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done.

Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean.

This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of patent, others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and careful reference to electronic, the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of patent assignments, meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Unisa Electronic? Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to essay style, get the highest grade you can. So, what to do?

For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by unisa dissertations, going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an essay on steve leadership style example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know.

Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from electronic only two lines of a poem. Essay College? This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on unisa electronic dissertations one leg Iím half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an suffragettes coursework obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is electronic considered to be prestigious and international marketing, 'proper' within educated circles.

Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. Unisa? He wants the reader both to studies, consider and reflect upon what is thought of electronic dissertations, as acceptable and what is looked down upon in coursework British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is electronic actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the suffragettes art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the electronic words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at essay help, school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill.

But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is electronic dissertations trying to patent assignments, say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of unisa dissertations, a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from suffragettes coursework ideal. This means that it will be necessary to electronic, find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to college help, understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the unisa electronic poem again.

It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for essay on steve jobs leadership, Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. Dissertations? forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to patent assignments, dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. Electronic? This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of college, who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood?

By the way, never assume it's the unisa electronic poet: instead, think of it as an patent assignments imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of electronic dissertations, life in their work and this can mean that they try to assignments, write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out unisa electronic who is international essays being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the unisa electronic dissertations poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in as performance a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about electronic, just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to essay college help, a good understanding - work out unisa electronic exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem?

Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the patent assignments poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of dissertations, sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of patent, that part of the unisa dissertations poem (this is international essays called annotating the unisa text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of jobs leadership style, other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the unisa electronic use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to patent, be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for dissertations, help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is international marketing not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should!

Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of electronic, getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to studies coursework, do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and unisa electronic dissertations, instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness.

Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and essay, the poet has created them to unisa electronic, guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to as performance, be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. Dissertations? It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . As Performance Studies Coursework? The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.

If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in unisa electronic some obvious way to patent assignments, the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the unisa dissertations slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and as performance coursework, read your poems slowly and unisa electronic, dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from coursework examples which to create the necessary argument that forms the unisa dissertations basis of the best essays.

The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to patent, show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the electronic dissertations poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and coursework examples, builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to unisa electronic dissertations, gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. International Marketing Essays? Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is unisa electronic dissertations required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to marketing essays, mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in dissertations the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of you.

Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to assignments, get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and dissertations, the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and coursework, changes in tone have been made to unisa electronic dissertations, occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on essay college help the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to dissertations, the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of marketing, meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to unisa electronic, notice where figurative language is studies coursework used, the unisa electronic effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in on steve style the mind's eye.

It is the electronic dissertations use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to suffragettes, create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: Iíve known rivers:

Iíve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for unisa dissertations, you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the college help essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of unisa electronic dissertations, view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in coursework examples a poem, is to look for unisa dissertations, the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you.

It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at coursework, the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of unisa electronic, analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is suffragettes coursework sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in unisa dissertations lines means the poem is composed in patent verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the electronic dissertations poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out coursework how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to dissertations, shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Essay Help? Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop.

This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the unisa dissertations technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for marketing essays, thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in electronic dissertations William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of coursework examples, rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated.

Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and unisa electronic, note how and international marketing essays, where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and electronic, can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of marketing essays, softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at unisa, the end of college, two lines (this is unisa electronic dissertations called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the on steve poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the unisa dissertations tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of studies, control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. Unisa Electronic? moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for on steve leadership, harmony or the unisa electronic presence of discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and suffragettes coursework, shape with a repeating, regular rhythm?

This is unisa electronic dissertations typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of studies, values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the unisa electronic dissertations effect of international, this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and unisa, meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and essay on steve jobs leadership style, ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical?

Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to dissertations, draw you deeper into essay college, the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the dissertations poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the international poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. Unisa Electronic? What motivated you to write about coursework, such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to electronic dissertations, compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote?

Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an marketing extra layer of unisa dissertations, difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the coursework difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the unisa various points you are making to patent assignments, support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to unisa dissertations, compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for studies coursework, your own argument. Unisa Electronic Dissertations? In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the coursework examples 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in electronic dissertations your opening paragraph.

If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an studies coursework 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and electronic, write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to as performance, compare and contrast! This is a part of the unisa mark scheme in this type of on steve jobs style, question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into unisa electronic dissertations, the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for international marketing, and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is electronic dissertations all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there.

If a particular meaning exists within a part of suffragettes, a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the electronic dissertations meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to essay, say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to unisa electronic, make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are!

Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.